Fairs and Festivals – Kinnaur , Himachal Pradesh , India
Fairs and Festivals – Kinnaur , Himachal Pradesh , India
Kinnaur is located in the North-Eastern part of Himachal Pradesh. Kinnaur shares its Eastern boundary with Tibet. The Zanskar mountains form the international frontier betweenKinnaur and Tibet. Kinnaur is a tribal area of Himachal Pradesh in true style. The breathtaking Sangla valley offers the visitors the breathtaking view of captivating lush green orchards in the lap of majestic mountains covered with pure and dazzling white snow. The district has a number of valleys varying in altitude from 1000 metres to 4000 metres. The main of them are – The Satluj valley, The Hangrang or Spiti valley, The Ropa or Shiasu valley, The Baspa or Sangla valley and the Tidong valley. Among these, theSatluj valley is the largest river valley of the district and traverses for about 140 km. in the region.
The gushing rivers of Kinnaur abound in Trout, the angler’s prize catch, their waters have over the centuries chiseled beautiful gorges across this picturesque land and nurtured one of the most unique societies on there banks. In the lush land live the descendants of the Kinners, the demi gods of the Hindu pantheon, whose deeds have been immortalized in epics and the poems of ancient Sanskrit poets. It is no wonder that a local tradition maintains that Kinnaur with all its beauty fell from the clouds as a gift from the gods.
Tourism in Kinnaur offers a completely different kind of experience in true tribal sense.Kinnaur has some of the most beautiful valleys on earth full of deep gorges, rivers and breathtaking landscapes. It is like a fairy land. Tourism in Kinnaur offers numerousfamous places i.e. Sangla, Rakchham, Kalpa, Kothi, Nako, Recong Peo, Chitkul, Chango, Morang, Lippa, Nichar, Karchham etc. Many of these places are natural paradises. TheSangla Valley is a breathtakingly beautiful valley.
As in a typical religious place in Himachal, a number of fairs and festivals are celebrated in Kinnaur every year i.e. Lavi fair, Phul Yatra fair, Sazo festival, Phagul or Shuskal festival, Beash, Dakhraini festival, Phulech festival, Lossar festival and Tribal festival. There are a number of beautiful temples in Kinnaur i.e. Chandika temple, Chango temple, Durga temple, Charang temple and Mathi temple.
There is a beautiful Nako lake situated in the Nako village. The location of the village is striking. Tourism in Kinnaur offers a number of wildlife sanctuaries to explore i.e. Lippa Asrang sanctuary, Rakchham Chitkul sanctuary, Rupi Bhaba sanctuary. These wildlife sactuaries are heavens for any wild life lover. Kinnaur is easily accessible from Shimla via Rampur. The road from Rampur to Kinnaur is a thrilling experience.
The supreme natural beauty full of deep gorges, rivers and beautiful landscapes is the prime feature of tourism in Kinnaur which sets it apart from other tourist places of Himachal. It is the prime destination of Tribal Voyage in Himachal and one of the finest places in Himachal to explore.
Delhi to Kinnaur :
Delhi to Kinnaur
this access route leads via Sonipat – Karnal- Kurukshetra – Ambala – Chandigarh – Solan – Shimla – Rampur – Kinnaur
Delhi to Kinnaur
this access route leads via Sonipat – Karnal- Kurukshetra – Ambala – Ludhiana – Jallander – Pathankot – Jassur – Nurpur – Gaggal – Kangra – Hamirpur – Bilaspur – Shimla – Rampur – Kinnaur
Delhi to Kinnaur
this access route leads via Sonipat – Karnal – Kurukshetra – Ambala – Chandigarh – Ropar – Nangal – Una – Talwara – Jassur – Nurpur – Gaggal – Kangra – Hamirpur – Bilaspur – Shimla – Rampur – Kinnaur
Shimla to Kinnaur :
Shimla to Kinnaur
this access route leads via Shimla – Rampur – Kinnaur
Chandigarh to Kinnaur :
Chandigarh to Kinnaur
this access route leads via Solan – Shimla – Rampur – Kinnaur
Chandigarh to Kinnaur
this access route leads via Ropar – Nangal – Una – Talwara – Jassur – Nurpur – Gaggal – Kangra – Hamirpur – Bilaspur – Shimla – Rampur – Kinnaur
Air Route :
There is no direct flight to Kinnaur and the nearest Airport is Shimla which can be reached from Delhi. Shimla Airport is at Jubbarhatti, 23 kms from city and is connected to Chandigarh, Kullu, Delhi. It has daily flights from Delhi and Kullu. On Tuesday and Thursday Jagson Airlines flies Delhi-Shimla-Kullu-Gaggal and return. Archana and KCV fly between Delhi and Shimla on Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
Train Route :
There is no Rail service to Kinnaur and the nearest Railway Station at Shimla is connected by a narrow gauge line from Kalka (96Km.)
Important Info :
With drive to kinnaur very adventerous, care is to be taken while driving. Long suspension bridges connect two bank of the Satluj river at many places. The road condition after the flash floods in August,2000 is not the best. With blocks in some places in winters and rainy seasons it is always advisable to get information about the road condition and then start the journey in these months. The other route from Manali-Kaza-Recong peo remains closed in most part of the winters and springs.
Kinnaur is situated 77°45′ and 79°00’35” East Longitudes and between 31°55’50” and 32°05’15” North Latitudes. Kinnaur shares its Eastern boundary with Tibet. On the South and South Eastern sides, it has Uttar Kashi district of Uttar Pradesh. On the Western side lies the Shimla district and on the North and North-West is situated Lahaul and Spiti.
Recong Peo ( altitude 2,760 meters ) – former HQ. was Kalpa ( altitude 2,770 meters )
varies from 2,550 metres to 6,791 meters.
One can travel in a taxi or jeep on National Highway 22 for the entire journey from Kalka to Kinnaur. Some of the parts of journey can be done by long route buses run by HRTC. Distance from Shimla to Kalpa is 244 km., Delhi 590 km., Kullu 267 km.
10,820 sq. km.
+91-1785 or 01785
Pooh 951785, Moorang 951785, Sangla 951786, Bhawanagar 951786
DFO Forest Department
The summer temperatures range between 6° C and 25° C, while the winter temperatures usually remain between -1° C and 0° C. Days from April-Oct are warm, early morning & evenings being colder, light woolens May-July and heavy woolens in rest of the season.
Total population of Chamba is 78,334 (according to Census 2001)
Best time to visit
You’d enjoy the Summer months in Kinnaur because of warm temperatures.
( 2,680 metres ) It is an important village of the Baspa valley situated on the right bank of Baspa river is built on a slope with houses rising one above other with gigantic ‘Kinner Kailash’ peak ( 6,500 meters ) towering from behind is also famous for ‘Kamru Fort’. This fort was the place where so many Rajas of Kinnaur were crowned. The entire place is adorned by soothing saffon fields and alpine meadows.
( 2,900 metres ) Its name has been derived from ‘Rak’ a stone and ‘Chham’ a bridge. The location of the village is striking. It is located on the right bank of the Baspa river. It is said that in the earlier time there was a natural stone bridge over the Baspa river hence the name of the village.
( 2,670 metres ) It is one of the main villages of the district connected by link road 14 km. from Powari beyond Rekong Peo. Looming in front of Kalpa is an imressive view of ‘Kinner Kailash’ directly across the Satluj river. This mountain changes colors several times a day with a change of weather conditions or may be as destined by Lord Shiva his eternal abode. ‘Parvati Kund’ is located on the top of Kinner Kailash. The ancient villages of Pangi, Moorang and Kanum are situated close to Kalpa.
It is also called Koshtampi. It is little below Kalpa proper and it is overshadowed by Kinner Kailash peak. Goddess ‘Shuwang Chandika’ temple is a famous one in the village. The village with its attractive temple, gracious willows, green fields, fruit trees makes an altogether a beautiful landscape.
( 3,662 meters ) It is the highest village in the valley and the existence of lake formed out of the masses of ice and snow above adds to beauty of the village. Situated about 2 kms. above the Hangrang valley road and is 103 kms. from Kalpa on the western direction of the huge mountain of Pargial. Local village deity is Deodum and another Lagang temple with several idols exist here. There is a staying hut for visitors.
Recong Peo :
Reckong Peo is situated at an altitude of 2670 m from the sea level, located 235 km from Shimla. It is the District Headquarter having a panoramic view of Kinner Kailash. Kinner Kailash mountain is regarded as one of the mythical homes of Lord Shiva, here is a 79 feet high rock formation that resembles Sivalinga. This Sivalinga changes the colour as the day passes. Also visible on the stretch is the peak of Raldang (5499 m). Reckong Peo has many hotels and rest houses. There is a Buddhist Monasteries in the Reckong Peo.
(3,450 meters) This is the last and highest village in the Baspa valley in district Kinnaur. It is situated on the right bank of Baspa river. This is the last and highest village in the Baspa valley. There is a road along the left bank from Karchham. There are three temples of local goddess Mathi, the main one said to have been constructed about 500 years ago by a resident of Garhwal. The square ark of the goddess, is made of walnut wood and is covered with clothes and surmounted by a tuft of yak tail. Two poles called bayanga are inserted into it by means of which it is carried. The goddess has a mouthpiece.
(3,058 meters) It is in Kinnaur district and is a collection of four hamlets in pargana ‘Shuwa’ sub-tehsil Hangrang, on the left bank of Spiti river. It is encircled on every side by high hills which is a witness to the presence of a former lake. This village is under the influence of Buddhism, but there are some local Hindu deities too namely ‘Gyalba’ – ‘Dabla’ and ‘Yalsa’.
( 2,591 metres ) This village is situated 39 kms. away from Kalpa on the left bank of river Satluj. The location is very beautiful and approach to this picturesque village is through apricot orchards. The local deity is Urmig and there are three structures dedicated to the deity each existing in Thwaring, Garmang and Shilling. Generally these are empty as the ark of the deity remains in the fort. On a sacred day the ark is taken to the above named places. The ark has got 18 ‘mukh’, made of silver, gold and brass. The 18 mukh represents the 18 days of the great epic Mahabharat.
(2,745 meters) It is in Kinnaur, situated near the left bank of Taiti stream. Three Buddhist monasteries are there, which are dedicated to Galdang, Chhoiker Dunguir and Kangyar. The place is also famous for Ibex found in the nearby forest.
( 2,150 metres ) This village is situated between Taranda & Wangtu on the left bank of Satluj about 5 kms. above Wangtu. The scenery is enchanting. Ghoral , antelopes, black & red bears are seen sometimes in higher ranges.
( 1,900 metres ) The confluence of Satluj and Baspa rivers marks the location of Karchham on Hindustan-Tibet road. It is a beautiful place.
Chandika Temple at Kothi :
A handsome temple dedicated to goddess Chandika, more especially designated as Shuwang Chandika has spread the fame of village Kothi in greater part of the district.The local people hold the goddess in great reverence and consider her to be one of the most powerful goddess. For want of social contact by the local people with their more advanced and brahmin ridden brethren they have evolved their own peculiar procedure of ritual and worship to this presiding deity. There is an image of gold, seated in an ark. It is danced up and down by four persons at the time of worship.
Chango Temple :
Chango has three temples. In lower Chango, the red walls of Rinchen Zangpo temple stand out atop a little promontorybut contain little of note. Nearby, the village temple, in more regular use as a place of worship, has a large prayer wheel, clay idols and contemporary wall paintings. A large image of Avalokiteshwara, crudely carved in stone, lies on the path between these two shrines. It was found in some out of the way and the monks decided to place it in a temple but the combined strength of many men was insufficient to lift the stone. Then the present location was though. The temple in upper Chango is the best kept but of relatively recent vintage. Close by, a new prayer hall, library and guest rooms are nearing completion.
Durga / shakti Temple :
There is a Durga temple at Ropa also known as the Chandika temple. Chandika had apportioned to herself this semi-arid tract when she divided Kinnaur amongst her brothers and sisters. Her temple at Ropa, a new structure with a reinforced cement concrete frame, is an artitectural malapropism.
Charang Temple :
Just beyond Charang is a temple of the eleventh century known as Rangrik Tungma complex. The temple takes its name from the goddess Rangrik Tungma and her small metal image, astride a horse is the oldest at the temple. In all likelihood Rangrik Tungma must have been a pre-Buddhist deity, absorbed into the pantheon of the later religion. Two other bronze statues appear to be of considerable value; a Maitreya seated with legs pendant, in bhadrasana and a Buddha in bhumisparsha mudra. The walls of the main hall are linked with clay idols, in the same style as the mandala in the dukhang at Tabo.
Mathi Temple :
This temple is located at Chitkul. Mathi is the local goddess of the people of chhitkul having three temples the main one said to have been constructed about five hundred years ago by a resident of Garhwal. The square ark of the goddess is made of walnut wood and is covered with clothes and surmounted by a tuft of yak tail. Two poles called bayanga are inserted into it by means of which it is carried.
Nako Lake :
This beautiful is located in the Pooh sub-division of district Kinnaur. The lake is surrounded by willow and polar trees. There is a small village on the bank of this lake – and the village seems to be half buried by the lake’s borders. On the water’s northern side, are four Buddhist temples with stucco images and murals. Near Nako is a footprint-like impression ascribed to the saint Padmasambhava. It freezes in winter and people enjoy skating on this lake.
Nako : It is the highest village in the valley and the existence of lake formed out of the masses of ice and snow above adds to beauty of the village. Situated about 2 kms. above the Hangrang valley road and is 103 kms. from Kalpa on the western direction of the huge mountain of Pargial. Local village deity is Deodum and another Lagang temple with several idols exist here. There is a staying hut for visitors.
Lippa Asrang Sanctuary :
Altitude : varies from 4000 meters to 5022 meters.
Annual Rainfall : mean annual rainfall is 226.3 mm.
Temperature : temprature varies from -10 to 15°C.
Area : 3,090 hectares ( 30.90 sq. km. ).
Location : nearest town is Morang.
Approaches : Kinnaur to Morang to inside sanctuary.
It was first notified as a sanctuary in 1962 and re-notified on 27th March 1974. This sanctuary is located on the high altitude area and one of the few in India from where the yak has been reported, though it may well be feral. Musk Deer and Ibex are also present. The area is largely flat, like a huge plateau, and a part of it is barren cold desert.
Forest types include lower western Himalayan temperate forest, upper western Himalayan temperate forest, Kharsu Oak forests, dry broad leaved and coniferous forest, dry coniferous forest, dry alpine scrub and dwarf juniper scrub.
Fauna ( Mammals )
Himalayan Black Bear, Brown Bear, Musk Deer, Goral, Ibex, Leopard, blue Sheep and Yak. Species believed to be locally threatened are Musk deer, Leopard, Goral, brown Bear, Ibex, Monal and Himalayan snowcock.
Rakchaam Chitkul Sanctuary :
Altitude : varies from 3200 meters to 5486 meters.
Annual Snowfall : mean annual rainfall is 1130 mm.
Annual Rainfall : mean annual rainfall is 463.9 mm.
Temperature : temprature varies from -10 to 15°C.
Area : 3,411 hectares ( 34.11 sq. km. ).
Location : nearest town is Kalpa.
Approaches : Kinnaur to Kalpa to inside sanctuary.
It was first notified as a sanctuary in 1962 and re-notified on 27th March 1974. This sanctuary is located at high altitude and is a good habitat for the endangered Musk deer. Govind Pashu Vihar sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh falls adjacent to its southern boundary, and little beyond the eastern boundary of the sanctuary lies the Tibetan Plateau of China.
Forest types include lower western Himalayan temperate forest, upper western Himalayan temperate forest, dry broad leaved coniferous, dry temperate coniferous and dry alpine scrub.
Fauna ( Mammals )
Himalayan Black Bear, Brown Bear, Musk deer, Goral, Leopard and blue Sheep
Fauna ( Fish )
Rupi Bhaba Sanctuary :
Altitude : varies from 909 meters to 5650 meters.
Annual Snowfall : mean annual rainfall is 300 mm.
Annual Rainfall : mean annual rainfall is 45 mm.
Temperature : temprature varies from -10 to 20°C.
Location : nearest town is Rampur Bushahr.
Approaches : Shimla to Rampur Bushahr to inside sanctuary or Kinnaur to Rampur Bushahr to inside sanctuary.
It was first notified as a sanctuary on 28th March 1982 and re-notified on 30th June 1982. A remarkably wide variation in altitudes supports a large diversity of habitats and wild life in this catchment area of the Satluj river. The Great Himalayan and pin Valley National Parks are located on its western and northern boundaries, respectively.
Forest types include lower western Himalayan temperate, Kharsu Oak, dry broad leaved coniferous, dry temperate coniferous and Alpine pastures.
Fauna ( Mammals )
Himalayan Black Bear, Brown Bear, barking and Musk Deer, red Fox, Goral, Ibex, Leopard, Snow Leopard, Serow, blue Sheep and Himalayan Tahr.
Fairs in Kinnaur
Lavi Fair :
This fair is held in the month of October or November every at Rampur Bushahr. In ancient, Tibet and Kinnaur had good trade relations and Lavi fair is the outcome of business interest of both sides. People from other areas in general and tribal belt in particular participate in this fair with horses, mules, pashminas, colts, yaks, chilgoza, namdas, pattis, woollens, raw semi-finished wool and other dry fruits produced in the state are brought for selling. It is three hundred years old fair and also a state fair.4 During day time, hectic trade activities are witnessed all over the town. At night, folks dances and music around small bonfires are organised. It continues for three days.
Phul Yatra Fair :
It denotes the start of a closing season in this snow bound valley. Offerings are made to local goddess, in whose honour it is celebrated. The tribal people enjoy, dance, sing and drink in gay mood forgetting everything else for the time being. In Kinnaur and Lahaul-Spiti some annuar fairs are held which have left deep impression on the community life of the tribals. One of the main features of these fairs is folk dance. Mask dance and lion dance are also very famous.
Festivals in Kinnaur
Sazo or Sajo Festival :
This festival is observed in the month of January. On this day the people take their bath in the natural springs and few even go to Satluj river for bathing if they happen to live near the river. Poltus, rice, pulses, vegetables, meat, halva, chilta and pug are the principal dishes prepared on this occasion. In the morning the family god is worshiped with the food except meat. The hearth is also worshiped near Noon time, the deity is brought out and worshiped with wine and halwa A fold dance is held. Thereafter the deity is believed to have gone to Kinner Kailash.
Phagul or Shuskal Festival :
It is celebrated in the month of February/March. In this festival the sprit of Kanda (Peaks) called Kali is mainly worshiped, the festivals lasts about a fornight and is celebrated all over Kinnaur. Each day of the festival is called by different names and several peculiar functions are held each day. On the last day a feast is prepared and people worship kali on the roof of the houses and then partake of the food. It is believed that after the function and festival are celebrated with full zeal Kali the spirit feels happy and blesses the villagers with prosperity and plenty in the coming years.
Baisakhi or Beash :
It is celebrated in the month of April. The villagers prepare food like Poltu, Halwa and Keyshid. The image of the goddess is brought out of the temple and a fair is held in the Santang. It is an occasion to get together and to dance and drink. This festival marks the end of winter season also. New woolen clothes are worn from the wool spun during the winter.
Dakhraini Festival :
This festival is celebrated in the month of the July. On this day a feast is served. The deity is brought out and the villagers dance before her. Zongor and loskar flowers are brought from the kand peak and their garlands are offered to the goddess. After this these flowers are distributed among the villagers. One or two members from the family where death might have occurred before this festival go to the peak of the hill and ofter some food and fruits to shepherd in memory of the departed soul. A white flag on which some Buddhist mantras are written is fixes there as a sort of prayer for the peace of departed soul.
Phulech Festival :
Celebrated only in Kinnaur region in the month of Bhadon or in the beginning of Asauj. People from each household proceed towards hilltops to collect flowers, which are offered to village deity and afterwards these flower garlands are distributed among the people. Priest makes forecasts about crops and changes in seasons etc. Priest’s words are taken for granted by local people.
Loser is celebrated in the month of December to welcome the new year. On this day in the morning a special preparation of parched barley mixed with butter milk is taken by all the family members and they put on garlands of chilgoza visits to the neighbours and friends are reciprocated and greetings of losuma tashi meaning happy new year are exchanged. While the elderly person betow their losuma shalkid or blessings. Two or three days before the losar festival khepa is observed. On this day it is customary to fetch small branches of a throny bush and place it on the doors. It is meant to ward off evil spirits. On the next day these throny twigs are removed and thrown far away from the village and a feast follows in the night.
Tribal Festival :
Tribal Festival is being celebrated since 1994 from 30 October to 2nd November every year at District Headquarter Reckong Peo and this festival has been declared as State Level festival and has been celebrated since 1987 under different names like Janjatiya Utsav, Phulaich Utsav and also as Tribal Festival. This festival not only depicts the panorama of rich culture heritage of district but also provides an opportunity to the local people to sell/exhibit their horticulture/agriculture produce, handicraft and artifacts. Besides the Kinnauri culture groups, participants from other districts/states also present and perform culture programmes symbolising national integration and brotherhood.
Tribal Circuit is located in the magnificent and beautiful State of Himachal Pradesh. You can enjoy the scenic landscape of river valleys, snow capped peaks, high passes, icy lakes, and have a look at the glaciers. The place is full of temples and you might come across priests, monasteries, lamas, and yaks.
Some of the places that are included in this circuit are Shimla, Sangla, Kalpa, Tabo, Dhankar, Kaza, and Pin Valley and others.
Located in Himachal Pradesh, it is known to be the land of beauty, where everything you see will mesmerize you. The beautiful mountain terrain, remarkable valley, orchard farms, and cold desert mountains are some of the things that will have enchanting affect on you. This place is also quite well known for flora and fauna, which is nowhere else. There are quite a few valleys that have always attracted tourists from all over the country.
Kalpa is another place in this circuit located at the height of 2578 meters above sea level. Here the tourists can enjoy the view of magnificent peaks and mountains. Every site is beautiful and will steal your heart. Recong Peo, Kothi, Riba and Sangla valley are some of the interesting places that are worth visiting here.
Shimla is a beautiful hill town that is located at the height of 2788 meters above sea level. It has been quite famous since British era. There are many beautiful hotels, valleys, and tourists places that are worth visiting here. Due to pleasant climate, it is still the most favorite destinations’ of the country. It is usually chosen by honeymooners and picnickers. The Kinner Kailash range and other mountain ranges make it more memorable. One of the spectacular scenes that you can never miss here is the one where the sun rays touch the peak of snow capped mountains. The closest airport to this place is like 267 kilometers away from this place. Apart from that you can always hire private taxis and also board State transport to reach this place. You can also reach this place via Kalpa –Manali or Rohtang Pass route. The winters here are extremely cold, so the perfect time to visit the place is in the beginning of the year.
This peaceful and beautiful place is located at the height of 3600 meters above the sea level. Also it is located on the banks of the famous River Spiti. The name has been given by both India and Tibet, due to the tie up between both of them. It is one of the coldest regions, so you need to be very careful while planning to visit this place. The place is surrounded by beautiful mountains and peaks that makes it all more interesting and worth visiting. The valleys, snow covered mountain peaks, and green valley all are beautiful and attract people always. Since ancient times, this place is believed to be a place where Gods and Goddesses resided. The beauty of the place and its majestic scenic beauty authenticate this version. Some of the places that are close to it are Manali, Kulu, and Shimla. So you can plan an extended holiday and visit all these places at the same time. The climate here is extremely cold during winters, and barely gets any rainfall. The region gets water from melting snow, and during winter the temperature sometimes goes down the freezing point. So if you are planning to visit this place take along with you good warm clothes that will keep you secured. Some of the interesting places that are worth visiting here are Tabo, Key Gomap, Dhankar, and Chander Tal Lake. This lake is known to be one of the most beautiful lakes in whole Himachal Pradesh.
This is another place that is located at height of 2250 meters. The place is quite exciting and has good numbers of mountains, peaks, and valleys that look beautiful throughout the season. This place can be easily reached through roadways and it is quite close to Manali, which is 115 kms away from this place. It can be reached by air also whereby the nearest airport is located 175 Km away at Bhuntar. This place experiences heavy snow fall during June and thus the Rohtang pass remains close during this time.
Situated in the western part of the Himalayas is the state of Himachal Pradesh. This beautiful state which is adorned with exalted snowy-mountains, meandering rivers and streams, superb biodiversity and absorbing ethnic diversity. Owing to its diverse topography, climate and vegetation, the land witnesses an immense variety of flora and fauna. The forests of Himachal Pradesh located at different altitudes are home to numerous species such as Snow leopard, Black bear, Himalayan ibex, Brown bear, Serow , Himalayan tahr, Musk deer etc. To protect the wildlife of Himachal Pradesh, the government has established a number of protected areas. The national parks and wildlife sanctuary protect the rich bio-diversity of the state is thus home to numerous rare and endangered species of fauna. So if you are an animal-lover, then Himachal Pradesh Wildlife will surely enthrall you with its most diverse colors.
Moreover, the flora of the region consists of cedar, pine, fir, birch, oak, spruce, grasses, ferns, alder, wild flowers and rhododendron. The avi-fauna of the region comprises pheasants, partridges, patient kites etc. The famous sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh are Chail Sanctuary, Churdhar Sanctuary, Daranghati Sanctuary, Kalatop Khajjiar Sanctuary, Kanwar Sanctuary, Maharana Pratap Sagar Sanctuary, Majathal Sanctuary, Manali Sanctuary, Simbalbara Sanctuary. The national parks in Himachal Pradesh are Nature Park Gopalpur, Nature Park Kufri, Nature Park Manali, Great Himalayan National Park and Pin Valley National Park.
So plan a visit to any one of these and have a look at the rich wildlife. There is no denying to the fact that wildlife in Himachal pradesh has contributed a lot in flourishing tourism. People love to visit the sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh that are mapped in different parts of the state.
One of the famous hill stations in the state of Himachal Pradesh, Chail is a top destination among travelers. Wildlife lovers enjoy their visit to the famous Chail Sanctuary which is located amidst dense forest cover and lush green environs…..If folks are to be believed then Himachal Pradesh is truly a wonderland for travelers. The state has always attracted vacationers to its impeccable locations and sites. Chail Wildlife Sanctuary is one such destination where you will find the nature at its best. Located at a distance of 49 km from the capital of Himachal Pradesh, Chail mesmerizes every tourist with its very first sight. The Chail Hill station is one of the topmost pick for a perfect holiday in the laps of Mother Nature. Sightseeing in Chail takes you to some of the most astonishing sights that will startle you with its unequalled beauty.
Chail hill station offers a perfect time to rejuvenate oneself amidst the lush green forests, snow-covered mountains and meadows outnumbered wild flowers. A tour to the Chail wildlife sanctuary is the feast to every animal-lovers eye. Here one can see some of the rare and endangered species namely Sambar, Goral and Cheer Pheasants, Barking deer and Kalijin. Moreover, one can find Rhesus Macaque, Indian Muntjac, Leopard, Crested Porcupine, Himalayan Black Bear, Wild Boar, Black-naped hare and common Langur among the large mammals.
Apart from its animals and birds, the Chir Pheasant breeding farm is an important attraction site at the Sanctuary. In 1988, the Chir Pheasant breeding and rehabilitation programme was started so as to preserve them from being getting extinct. Besides being largely covered with grasslands, the forests have a dense cover of Oak and Pine that fill the air with their scented aroma. Thereafter, you can head on to some other tourist attractions that are a must for Chail sightseeing such as the Chail Palace, Sidh Baba ka Mandir, Cricket Ground, Kali ka Tibba and Chail Gurudwara.
To make your trip to Chail more fascinating and a perfect example of luxury and comfort you can head on to the nearby hotels and resorts that offer lodging facilities in the region. Moreover, you can also opt to their world-class amenities that too within the most affordable prices.
Spread across an area of 1,171 sq. km, Himalayan National Park is one of the famous sites of interest in Kullu, Himachal Pradesh. The park is home to numerous species of rare and endangered species of wildlife. Situated at an altitude of 1500-1600 meters, the Himalayan National Park is a notable place worth a visit during your Himachal Tour…
Every trip to Himchal Pradesh is incomplete without a visit to the great Himalayan National Park. Located in the region of Kullu, the park is spread across an area of 1,171 sq km, at an altitude of 1600 m above sea level. This park is dwelled with rich diversity of flora and fauna. Apart from this, four major rivers that originate from the glaciers in the Park that are a vital source of water to the rural and urban centers the nearby region. This beautiful park has a great significance in the Himachal tourism sector. Every tourist who steps down on this land makes sure to pay a visit to the great Himalayan national park. The park is home to numerous rare and endangered species of animals, reptiles, birds and mammals. This in itself explains the richness of the park in terms of the natural bio-diversity.
At a trek of about 35 to 45 km in the Park’s valleys one can see the habitat of animals such as the blue sheep, snow leopard, Himalayan brown bear, Himalayan thar and musk deer. The best season to visit the park is autumn during the months of September to November when the seasonal migration of the animals to lower altitudes starts. The Himalayan national park, Himachal also inherits a vast diversity of plants owing to its undisturbed habitats and high altitude range. One can witness interminable vegetation in the park from pines, spruces, horse chestnuts, alpine herbs and junipers.
The park is protected under strict guidelines of Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 and hence hunting of any form is not countenanced within the premises. The active efforts of the Himachal Pradesh government & forest department have enabled this park to get recognition the Indian National Park system.
So if you wish to visit Himachal Pradesh then make sure to make a stop at the great Himalayan national park. You will surely fall in love with its rich bio-diversity and natural beauty.
Situated in the tranquil and serene environs of Manali, the Manali Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the noteworthy attractions in Himachal Pradesh. This sanctuary is inhabited by a rich diversity of flora and fauna…
Established in the year 1984, the Manali Wildlife Sanctuary is a notable attraction in the Kullu district. Spread across an area of 31.8 sq. km this wildlife sanctuary lies within the altitudinal range of 2,273 to 5,173 m. The entire sanctuary has a rich diversity of flora and fauna that amazes every traveler to this region. Manali is one of the top destinations for vacationing and is loved for its matchless splendor and beauty. Every year this place is flocked with honeymooners, couples, nature lovers and adventure freaks. While those who love to be surrounded with the most peaceful air of the region love the serenity of the place, those who desire for some escapades indulge into skiing, mountaineering, para-gliding etc.
Here one can find some rare species of birds and animals, scenic landscape and an overflowing tributary of the river Beas (Manalsu Nullah). Visitants can duplicate their pleasure by indulging into activities such as trekking, nature trails, bird watching and wildlife viewing during their Manali sightseeing tour. The flora of the sanctuary comprises Walnut, Kail, Deodar trees, Horse Chestnut, Maple trees to name a few. The list of the animals and mammals species at the sanctuary includes Musk deer, Himalayan Black Bear, Monal and Brown Bear, Himalayan Palm Civet, Goral, Indian Hare, , Barking Deer, Flying Fox, etc. Apart from theses, the Manali Wildlife Sanctuary is home to Stripped Hyena, Serow, Leopard, Himalayan Yellow Throated Marten, Himalayan Tahr, Kashmir Flying Squirrel and many more.
To make your tour to Manali more exciting the region has some notable attractions that are the love of every traveler to this land. To make your sightseeing in Manali more exhilarating, pay a visit to Rohtang pass, Hidimba Devi Temple, Tibetan monastery, Jagatsukh, Kothi, Arjun Gufa, Club House and Nehru Kund.
Apart from these aforementioned attractions, Vashisht, Marhi, Rohla Falls, Solang Valley and Mountaineering Institute are the other attractions worth a call. To make your stay in Manali a perfect blend of luxury and comfort the region has numerous Budget Hotels in Manali that provide world-class services within affordable prices to the guests.
Spread across an area of 9,675 square km, the Pong Lake sanctuary is situated in the Kangradistrict and is at a distance of 65 km from Dharamshala. The best time to visit this sanctuary is from October to February, when the beauty of the environs mesmerizes with its very first look…
Himachal Pradesh has always startled travelers with its boundless beauty and natural splendor. The snow-covered mountains, peaked hills, lush-green forests, scented air and widespread meadows add up to the beauty of the state. Such is the charm of this place that travelers love to come back here again and again and are yet served with something new on their next visit. The state has in its laps numerous attractions that astonish travelers. One of such attractions is the Pong Dam which was constructed in the year 1976 by damming up the Beas River.
The Pong Dam Lake is the largest standing water body in Himachal Pradesh. Lying between the outer Shivalik and DaulaDhar, this lake holds utmost significance in the chapter of Himachal Tourism guide. Located around this lake is a wildlife sanctuary known as the pong lake wildlife sanctuary. The sanctuary with limited submerged aquatic vegetation is visited by tourists who love to unveil different faces of nature. The level of the Pong Lake hovers between the ranges of 335 m to 436 m.
Pong Dam Lake Sanctuary situated in the Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh, the sanctuary is spread across an area of 9675 sq. km . Home to numerous rare and endangered species of flora, fauna and avi-fauna, the sanctuary is a notable attraction sight in Himachal Pradesh. Animals like Sambar, Barking Deer, Wild Bear, Nilgai, Clawless Otter and Leopards comprise the fauna of the sanctuary. Whereas, the avi-fauna varieties include black-necked grebes, large cormorants, Indian shag, black stork, red-necked grebes, eastern grey heron etc. Apart from these animals, pintails, egrets, Brahminy ducks, sarus, Indian moorhens and Indian purple moorhens are the other species at the sanctuary.
Moreover, during your visit to the Pong Lake Sanctuary you can come across some of the reptiles such as Common Cobra, Python and Common Monitor along with some fishes namely Mallip, Soal and Mahseer.
So what are you waiting for? Pay a visit to this diverse land that is blessed with a rich natural bio-diversity.
he Simbalbara Sanctuary is a renowned name in the list of wildlife sites in Himachal Pradesh. Located in the Paonta Valley, Sirmaur district, this sanctuary is home to Spotted Deer, Goral, Chittal, Sambhar and numerous other animals…
There is no denying to the fact that Himachal Pradesh is blessed with a rich natural bio-diversity and beauty. The snow-clad mountains, lush green valleys and rambling rivers accompanied with numerous species of plants and animals inhabit this land. To protect the rare and endangered varieties of flora and fauna, the state government has established numerous wildlife sanctuaries all over the state of Himachal Pradesh. The Simbalbara Wildlife Sanctuary located in the Sirmour District (Paonta Valley) is one such habitat for the creation of nature. Simbalbara sanctuary has a dense Sal forests with grassy glades that adds up to its beauty. Located on the lower hill of Shivalik ranges in Indian Himalayas,Simbalbara sanctuary is the abode of animals such as Goral, Sambhar, Chittal, Spotted dear and other distinguishable ones.
The keen efforts of the Travel & Tourism department of the state have led to the preservation of the sanctuary and that too in its natural form. A trek around the sanctuary takes tourists to some of the most magnificent sights that will amaze them. The surrounding tall trees and far-away mountains add up to the pleasure of the excursionists. For the comfort of the travelers, the government of Himachal Pradesh has built a rest house nearby the sanctuary which is equipped with all the requisite facilities and amenities. Apart from relaxing out at the rest-house, you can gather some Simbalbara wildlife sanctuary information from the people at the place.
The best time to visit Simbalbara Sanctuary is between the months of October and February. One can easily reach out to this place via road through Nahan, Paonta Sahib and other major cities of Himachal Pradesh. Moreover, you can boards a Private taxi or opt for a state government bus service that is available from Sirmaur district. For nature lovers, Simbalbara sanctuary has all in store to suffice their passion. And don’t forget to take your camera for who knows what you may come across. Such is the beauty of this place that you will make numerous clicks throughout the trek to the Simbalbara Wildlife Sanctuary.
|Durga Chandika – Kothi, Kinnaur|
|Mathi Temple at Chhitkul, Kinnaur|
|Maheshwar Temple at Sungra, Kinnaur|
|Chango Temple at Chango, Kinnaur|
|Rarang Monastery at Rarang, Kinnaur|
As compare to the other hotels in Kalpa, Hotel Apple Pie is the only one who has the newly constructed luxury rooms to suite all budgets. It has been catering to the needs of business, leisure, family and individual travelers.
If you are looking for an economical hotel in kalpa but clean and comfortable accommodation while on a personal or a pleasure trip or wanting to put up your officers/staff on official work in Kalpa hotel, then Hotel Apple Pie is the place for you. We also offer long duration accommodation to corporate companies at very special rates. Besides offering spacious and luxurious accommodation at reasonable room tariff in the most prestigious and prime location of Kalpa area, we provide, to the best of our efforts, a very personalized service.
Our simplicity and friendly attitude gives you all the more reasons to stay with us. You will never at any time feel staying in an over bearing, clinical strange environment. It is a family friendly, children friendly & pet friendly place. We have a reputation of providing a safe environment to families and female travelers.
Guests are most welcome to talk to us and discuss about various places in and around Kalpa. Any kind of suggestions or help they need from us regarding Shopping, Health check ups, etc, we are always there.
Went to Rakcham on Jun’2014 with a hope of getting a room in Rupin river view hotel (without any booking). Mr. Naresh was not available and to my surprise the hospitality in his absence was absolutely disgusting. It was very disheartening to see the behavior of the staff as if they don’t like our presence.
Anyways we came to Hotel Apple Pie and Mr. Aman (owner) warmly welcomed us. He gave us the front room in the 1st floor. The mountain view from the room was absolute pleasure. The food was awesome and service was very prompt (though a little spicy for my daughter). But must say my daughter liked “Honey chilly potato” the most. Mr. Aman is a very enthusiastic and loves to guide travelers.
Initially planned for 1 night but due to excellent hospitality, room and location we extended for 1 more night. Hotel was very neat and clean, hot geyser available, extra blanket, pillow provided to us. Room was quite big and sufficient charging points available (mobile, camera, handycam). Highly recommended for stay in Rakcham. Thanks Mr. Aman for making my stay a beautiful experience.
Kinnaur – the Land of Gods – Himachal Pradesh
Kinnaur – the Land of Gods – Himachal Pradesh is surrounded by the Tibet to the east, in the northeast corner of Himachal Pradesh, about 235 kms from Shimla is a tremendously beautiful district having the three high mountains ranges i.e. Zanskar, Greater Himalayas and Dhauladhar, enclosing valleys of Sutlej, Spiti, Baspa and their tributaries. All the valleys are strikingly beautiful. The slopes are covered with thick wood, orchards, fields and picturesque hamlets. The much religious Shivlinga lies at the peak of Kinner Kailash mountain. The beautiful district was opened for the outsiders in 1989. The old Hindustan-Tibet road passes through the Kinnaur valley along the bank of river Sutlej and finally enters Tibet at Shipki La Pass. And it is not only the scenic beauty which appeals to the young and old alike but also the life styles of the people, their culture, heritage, customs and traditions.
The much honest people of Kinnaur – the Land of Gods – Himachal Pradesh which have strong culture and beliefs generally follow the Buddhism and Hinduism believe that the Pandavas came and resided in the land while in the exile. In the ancient mythology the people of Kinnaur are known as Kinners, the halfway between men and gods. Thousands years old monasteries still exist in the area. Both the Buddhists and Hindus live in perfect harmony symbolising the traditional brotherhood and friendship of the people of both the faiths
The apples, chilgoza and other dry fruits are grown in Kinnaur – the Land of Gods – Himachal Pradesh are world famous. The high terrain here give way to great adventures sports of all kinds. Beautiful trekking routes includes the ‘Parikarma of Kinner Kailash’. Here is also the Beautiful Nako lake and three famous wild life sanctuaries.
Best Time to Visit
Kinnaur – the Land of Gods – Himachal Pradesh is a beautiful district to visit. Great natural scenes, rivers, valleys, high mountains, lakes and green pastures creates a mesmerising scenes for tourists.Best time to visit the district is from April to October
Weather during the year
Due to the Geographical conditions Kinnaur – the Land of Gods – Himachal Pradesh has long winter from October to May (the snowy season) and Summer from June to September. From April to May is Spring and September to October is Autumn. Only the Baspa valley, lower region of the Satluj valley and the area south of the Great Himalaya receives monsoon rains, while in the upper areas monsoon showers progressively.
What to Wear
Summers in Kinnaur requires light woolen clothes while very heavy woolen clothes are required in the winter season
Where to Shop
Kinnaur is famous for its Handloom and Handicraft items like shawls, caps, mufflers, article of wood carving, metal work and silver & gold ornaments . Kinnaur is also famous for apples, almonds, chilgoza, ogla, apricots and grapes.There are many wholesale shops at Kalpa, Reckong Peo, Karchham, Tapri etc. Besides this the co-operative societies, small production-cum-training centres and Khadi gram udyog centres are looking after the local products like gudmas, shawls,wool, neoza, zira, etc. Also there are many retail price shops in every village. Local fairs, mela and festivals are the main source of shopping.
Kinnaur has tremendous scope of adventure tourism. There are manytrekking routes in the district.
Ski slopes are available at Kalpa and rock climbing can also be started in this district. Walking has been a means of recreation and physical fitness. Trekking is essentially walking. In ancient times people walked through the dense., untouched forests and they walked across unknown passes and mountains in search of grazing grounds and game. Numerous passes connect the two valleys across the range. These passes have legends and even today they are mysterious, challenging and revealing to the world. The valleys have some of the most interesting meadows, view points, lakes and lush green pastures to add to its beauty and mystery. Chir, deodar, blue pine, rhododendrons and junipers covers its slopes up to 11,500 fts. numerous tiny colourful birds dwell in the forest.
Tourist Information Centre
The information regarding tourism can be gathered from the Tourist Information centre located at Deputy Commissioner Office, Recong Peo
Permits for Foreigners
Permits for foreigners visiting Kinnaur are available from the various Offices. These offices include the office of MHA Govt of HP;DM Concerened/ITBP/Spl. Commissioner (Tourism), Govt. of HP/ Resident Commissioner HP,Delhi/DGP,HP,Shimla. The places open for tourists under PAP include Poo, Khab, Sumdo, Dhankar, Tabo Gompa, Kaza, Moorang, Dabling.
The general guidelines include:
The PAP is valid for group tourists consisting of four or more persons only.
The tour needs to be sponsored by recogonised Indian Tourist Agency
Kinnaur – land of Apples
Apples from Kinnaur, known for their natural sweetness, colour, succulence and prolonged shelf life, are grown at an altitude of over 10,000 feet. Among the popular varieties of Kinnauri apples are Royal, Golden, Red Golden, Red Delicious and Scarlet Spur. Major apple belts in Kinnaur district are in Sangla and Pooh blocks which have been worst affected due to flash floods.
Traders say the absence of this crop will put pressure on prices in the coming months. The plucking season in Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand begins in July end and the crop hits the market in August. Kinnauri apples hit the market in mid-September when other apple varieties have already flooded the market. While other apples have a shelf life of two months, the Kinnaur fruits have a shelf life of four months.
Mukesh Jaiswal, owner of Rakesh Jaiswal Fruit in Mumbai’s Worli area, said: “Prices of apple have already climbed by 25%-30% this year. We are hearing that production in Kinnaur has been affected though other regions of Himachal have recorded a bumper crop. But going by the trend, prices are likely to remain firm for quality apple this year.”because Kinnauri apple is king of fruits
In Kolkata, prices of quality apple which traders say have come from Shimla cost Rs 170-180 per kg. “We do not see prices falling immediately. The Ramadan month is beginning tomorrow and apple prices surely will remain firm for the next one month,” said Mohammed Irshad, a fruit dealer in Kolkata’s Chandni Chowk fruit market. Added Jagdish Sharma, a fruit trader in Azapur mandi, said “There are reports that heavy to moderate rains have again lashed Himachal. If that affects the apple crop, prices will continue to remain on the higher side this year.”
Apples are largely grown in the districts of Shimla, Sirmour, Kinnaur, Chamba, Manali, Solan and Kullu districts of Himachal. “Barring Kinnaur, apple production is extremely good this year. In fact, it has doubled this year. We are expecting a production of 3 crore boxes (20 kg each) of apples this year,” said Mukesh kumar Sharma. Kinnauri apple is king of fruits
The much-awaited Delicious variety of apples from Himachal Pradesh’s Kinnaur district, known for their natural sweetness, colour and succulence, have hit the markets and are fetching remunerative prices in Delhi and Chandigarh, as also in Punjab and Haryana, a horticulture official here said.
“A box of superior apple variety from Kinnaur is selling between Rs.2,200 and Rs.2,400 ($35-$39) in the Delhi market, which is 25-30 percent higher than apples coming from other districts,” said Jai Chand, a trader at Narkanda apple market, some 65 km from Shimla.
Kinnauri apples are known as per Quality as under
Superior grades like Royal Delicious, Red Chief, Super Chief, Oregon Spur and Scarlet Spur have just started arriving.
The price of a crate increases by Rs.50-Rs.100 in the Delhi and Chandigarh wholesale markets.
Gurdev Singh said the harvesting of apples in Kinnaur has picked up in orchards located at lower altitudes. “In the Chango and Kalpa areas the orchards are at higher elevation and the harvesting there will begin in the last week of this month.”
Apples in Kinnaur are grown at an altitude above 10,000 feet. The prominent apple belts in the district are Sangla, Kalpa, Chango, Nichar and Pooh.
Retailers and street vendors often sell apples from other parts of Himachal Pradesh as Kinnauri apples. But the reality is that Kinnaur apples start coming only in October.
Experts say the normal apple production in Kinnaur is around 2 million to 2.2 million boxes, which is six to seven percent of the state’s total yield.
Apple grower Ramesh Kumar, who is settled in Nako village in Pooh, said the crop is still maturing.
“It will take 10 to 15 days to start harvesting,” he said.
Another apple grower, Jagat Singh Negi, who is settled in Sangla, said most of the crop in the area has been harvested.
Traders in Shimla say apples from Kinnaur start arriving at that time when the crop from other areas in the state is almost over. That is why it commands a good price.
Besides apples, other fruits like pears, apricots, almonds and grapes – both green and black – are Kinnaur’s other major commercial crops.
The horticulture department estimates that the state is expected to produce 25-30 percent less apples this season compared to last year’s bumper production of over 32.2 million boxes.
So far, over 24 million boxes of various apple varieties have been sent to various markets in the country.
Horticulture department surveys say apple productivity ranges from six tonnes to 11.5 tonnes per hectare in the state, against 35-40 tonnes in more advanced countries.
The hill state is one of India’s major apple-producing regions, with more than 90 percent of the produce going to the domestic market.
Apples accounted for 90 percent of the Rs.35 billion the state earned last year from the sale of horticultural produce.
Some of the highest mountains in the world are located in northern India.These are called northern indian himalayas. These are part of the Himalaya mountains. Being the world’s highest mountain chain, the Himalayas is characterized by its great height, complex geologic structure, snowcapped peaks, large valley glaciers, deep river gorges, and rich vegetation.
They were given the name northern indian Himalayas which means “home of snow”, because snow never melts on their high peaks.
The northern indian Himalayas form the planet’s highest mountain region, containing 9 of the 10 highest peaks in the world. Among these peaks are the world’s highest mountain, Mount Everest (8848 m), which is on the Nepal-Tibet border; the second highest peak, K2 or Mount Godwin Austen (8,611 m), located on the border between China and Jammu and Kashmir, the third highest peak, Kanchanjunga (8,598 m) on the Nepal-India border.
The Himalayas can be classified in a variety of ways. From south to north, the mountains can be grouped into four parallel, longitudinal mountain belts,
The northern indian Himalayas have the third largest deposit of ice and snow in the world, after Antarctica and the Arctic. The Himalayan range encompasses about 15,000 glaciers, which store about 12,000 km3 (3000 cubic miles) of fresh water. Its glaciers include the Gangotri and Yamunotri (Uttarakhand) and Khumbu glaciers (Mount Everest region), Langtang glacier (Langtang region) and Zemu (Sikkim).
Owing to the mountains’ latitude near the Tropic of Cancer, the permanent snow line is among the highest in the world at typically around 5,500 metres (18,000 ft). In contrast, equatorial mountains in New Guinea, the Rwenzoris and Colombia have a snow line some 900 metres (2,950 ft) lower. The northern indian Himalayas are snowbound throughout the year, in spite of their proximity to the tropics, and they form the sources of several large perennial rivers, most of which combine into two large river systems:
The western rivers combine into the Indus Basin, of which the Indus River is the largest. The Indus begins in Tibet at the confluence of Sengge and Gar rivers and flows southwest through India and then through Pakistan to the Arabian Sea. It is fed by the Jhelum, the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, and the Sutlej rivers, among others.
Most of the northern indian Himalayas rivers drain the Ganges-Brahmaputra Basin. Its main rivers are the Ganges, the Brahmaputra and the Yamuna, as well as other tributaries. The Brahmaputra originates as the Yarlung Tsangpo River in western Tibet, and flows east through Tibet and west through the plains of Assam. The Ganges and the Brahmaputra meet in Bangladesh, and drain into the Bay of Bengal through the world’s largest river delta,the Sunderbans.
The easternmost Himalayan rivers feed the Ayeyarwady River, which originates in eastern Tibet and flows south through Myanmar to drain into the Andaman Sea.
The Salween, Mekong, Yangtze and Huang He (Yellow River) all originate from parts of the Tibetan Plateau that are geologically distinct from the northern indian Himalayas mountains, and are therefore not considered true Himalayan rivers. Some geologists refer to all the rivers collectively as the circum-Himalayan rivers. In recent years, scientists have monitored a notable increase in the rate of glacier retreat across the region as a result of global climate change. For example, Glacial lakes have been forming rapidly on the surface of the debris-covered glaciers in the Bhutan Himalaya during the last few decades. Although the effect of this will not be known for many years, it potentially could mean disaster for the hundreds of millions of people who rely on the glaciers to feed the rivers of northern India during the dry seasons. Some of the lakes present a danger of a glacial lake outburst flood. The Tsho Rolpa glacier lake in the Rolwaling Valley is rated as the most dangerous in Nepal
The Indian Himalayan Region (IHR) is a range that spans ten states of India namely, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh as well as the hill regions of two states – Assam and West Bengal. The region is responsible for providing water to a large part of the Indian subcontinent and contains varied flora and fauna. The IHR physiographically, starting from the foothills of south (Siwaliks), this mountain range extends up to Tibetan plateau on the north (Trans-Himalaya). Three major geographical entities, the Himadri (greater Himalaya), Himanchal (lesser Himalaya) and the Siwaliks (outer Himalaya) extending almost uninterrupted throughout its length, are separated by major geological fault lines. All these combined are known as northern indian himalayas. Mighty but older streams like the Indus, Sutlej, Kali, Kosi and Brahmaputra have cut through steep gorges to escape into the Great Plains and have established their antecedence.
The Karakoram ranges are the best looking part of India. To the south of the Karakoram range lie the Zangskar ranges. Parallel to the Zangskar ranges lie the Pir Panjal ranges. These three mountain ranges lie parallel to each other in the north-western part of India, most of its area lying in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Some of the highest mountains on earth are found in the region. Many rivers considered holy like the Ganga and Yamuna flow from the northern indian Himalayas.
TRANS-HIMALYAYAS: This Zone is the Northen most area in the country in the states of Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal pradesh. It’s an extension of Tibetan plaeteau around the Himalayas.The Main northern indian Himalayas Ranges are:
Pir Panjal Range Dhaula Dhar Range Zanskar Range Ladakh Range East Korakoram Range Pir Panjal Range: To the south of the main northern indian Himalayas lies the Pir Panjal Range at an average height of 5,000m. From Gulmarg in the Northwest it follows the southern rim of the Kashmir valley to the Banihal pass. Here the Pir Panjal meets the ridgeline, which separates the Kashmir valley from the Warvan valley. The major passes here in Pir Panjal are the pir panjal pass due west of Srinagar, the Banihal pass which lies at the top of the Jhelum River at the southern end of the Kashmir valley, and the sythen pass linking Kashmir with Kishtwar.
Dhaula Dhar Range: To the south of the Pir Panjal lies the Dhaula Dhar range. It is easily visible because of its distinct feature of the snow-capped ridge, which forms the division between the Ravi and the Beas valleys. In the west it divides the Chenab valley and the Tawi valley. Towards the east it extends across Himachal Pradesh forming the high ridges of the Largi gorge and extending towards the south of the Pin Parvati valley before it forms the ridgeline east of the Sutlej River.This part of the northern indian himalayas is the best.
Zanskar Range: It lies to the north of the main northern indian Himalayas. It acts as a backbone of Ladakh south of the Indus River, extending from the ridges beyond Lamayuru in the west across the Zanskar region; there it is divided from the main Himalaya by the Stod and Tsarap valleys, the Zanskar valley. On the east of the Zanskar region the range continues through Lahaul and Spiti. While on the North it continues across the Kinnaur before extending towards west across Uttaranchal. Some of the main passes are the Fatu La, on the Leh-Srinagar road, while the main trekking passes into the Zanskar valley are Singge La, the Cha Cha La and the Rubrang La are.
Ladakh Range: To the north of the Leh lies the ladakh range and it is an important part of the Trans-Himalayan range that merges with the Kailash range in Tibet. Here the important passes are the famous Kardung La, and Digar La, which lie to the north east of Leh.
East Korakoram Range: It is a giant range, which geographically divides India and Central Asia. The range consists of high mountain peaks like Saltoro Kangri, Rimo and Teram Kargri. The Korakoram Pass acts as the main connector between the markets of Yarkand, Leh and Kashgar.
Siwalik Hills: It lies to the south of the Dhaula Dhar, with an average height of 1,500 to 2,000m.It includes the Jammu hills and Vaishno Devi, and extends to Kangra and if you move further east to the range south of Mandi. In Uttaranchal side it stretches from Dehra Dun to Almora before it heads across the southern borders of Nepal.
So these were some of the major mountain ranges of northern indian Himalayas.
A mountainous area, ranging in altitude from 2,320 to 6,816 meters, Kinnaur is one of the smallest districts in India by population. It is famous for the Kinner Kailash, a mountain sacred to Hindus, close to the Tibetan border.Most of the hotels in Kinnaur are closed in winters due to heavy snowfall.The period of snowfall is from december to february.
Most of Kinnaur enjoys a temperate climate due to its high elevation, with long winters from October to May, and short summers from June to September. The lower parts of the Sutlej Valley and the Baspa Valley receive monsoon rains. The upper areas of the valleys fall mainly in the rain-shadow area. These areas are considered to be arid regions, similar to the climate of Tibet.The hotels in kinnaur remain closed from december to february following the lack of water and irregular electric supply.Kinnaur has three main torist attractions namely Kalpa,Sangla valley and Nako.All these destinations are located at great heights so they recieve a snowfall of even more than 80 ft throughout the season.That is the reason of the 8 month short season of the hotels in Kinnaur.
Due to the Geographical conditions Kinnaur has long winter from October to May (the snowy season) and Summer from June to September. From April to May is Spring and September to October is Autumn.The best hotels in kinnaur can be located in the Kalpa region . Only the Baspa valley, lower region of the Satluj valley and the area south of the Great Himalaya receives monsoon rains, while in the upper areas monsoon showers progressively decreases.Almost all the hotels in kinnaur are now closed due to heavy snowfalland shall reopen in mid march.