Best Itinerary kinnaur & Spiti

 

Best Itinerary Kinnaur & Spiti

 

 

Kalpa Night view

Day 01 – Chandigarh  – Shimla(130 kms).Shimla was the summer capital of The British India and most of the lords of the british empire liked utmost to spend their time here.The architecture of the city is also alike the one designed by the britishers.check in the hotel and relax.in the evening you can have stroll on the famous mall road .overnight at hotel.

 

 

Day-2— Shimla-Narkanda(65 kms) The drive to the upper Himalayas begin after breakfast.The drive to Narkanda shall take you from kufri and fagu, the snow spots of shimla during the winters.U can visit the fun world ,the zoo and enjoy at Asia’s highest go carting ground.A visit to the famous deshu temple is also on the cards where u reach after climbing 500 stairs.Overnight at hotel.

 

chitkul in summers

 

Day-3– After breakfast start your day to visit the famous Hatu peak of narkanda.From here u can have a distant look at the peaks of the  place you shall be travelling in the next few days.After Hatu peak proceed to Sarahan(80 kms) where you can sit idle in the evening and enjoy the peaks with Shrikhand mahadev in the close vicinity.Overnight at hotel.

 

 

 Bhimakali temple

Day 4 –  Sarahan – Sangla/Rakcham (100 kms/ 08 -09 hours) aprox
Early morning walk the Town followed by breakfast. We leave for Sangla in Kinnaur district, and on the way visit Sarahan Bheema kali Mata Temple and enjoy the Front View of Shri Khand Mahadev if weather clear. and later continue drive to Sangla and Reach in time for evening tea to enjoy the crisp twilight zone. Enjoy a dinner and evening at leisure. O/N HOTEL

 

Day 5  - Rakcham – Chitkul – Rakcham

Early morning appreciate the beauty of Nature followed by breakfast. Enjoy the beauty and adventure of Sangla Valley to the full on this day. We drive to Chitkul, a pretty village on the ancient Hindustan – Tibet route. There is also an option to try your hand at rock climbing, Rappelling and River Crossing – extra charges may apply for some of these. Sangla is known for its day hikes. Those looking for soft adventure can join the Raksham walk that takes you along rivers, through meadows and forests and over glaciers. And for the hardier lot, there is the challenging meadows walk that will have you seek a masseuse at the end of the day. Also visit the pretty villages around, and enjoy sitting along the Baspa river. Enjoy a dinner and evening at leisure. O/N HOTEL

 chitkul in winters

 

 

Day 6  - Rakcham to Kalpa vai Peo Market 65 kms

After breakfast transfer to Kalpa enroute visit Kaamru fort n peo market n transfer to Kalpa hotel. Leisure time in the evening with kinner kailash ranges.Kalpa is a very small and famous town as the agreement for the first train that ran bw mumbai and thane were signed here.An abode of the famous kinnaur apples its lush green orchards along with snow capped peaks give immense pleasure to the eyes.overnight at hotel.

Kalpa monastery

 

Day-7 — After breakfast full day tour to the local sight seeing of village kalpa.The roghi village,suicide point,the vishnu narayan temple,kothi temple,the buddha mandir, and the chini gompa.U can also purchase some world class dryfruits like almonds ,walnuts and chilgoza from the rekong peo market.Overnight at hotel

 

Nako

 

Day-8– Kalpa- Nako(104 kms) After breakfast you tend to leave the lush green valleys and enter the raw and barren desert travelling on NH21 further up.The highway stroddles along the mighty sutlej with picturesque villages in and around.From khab you take a turn towards spiti and reach one of the last village of Kinnaur-Nako.In the evening sit besides the Nako lake .Overnight at hotel.

 

 

Gue village

 

Day 9 –  Nako – Tabo –  (60 kms) aprox

early breakfast n visit The famous nako monastery n transfer to Tabo vai Nako lake.Enroute u shall visit the famous abode of The Mummy at Geu.an age old preserved dead body of a monk whose hair and nails still grew,is a belief amongst the locals and we cant abide by that fact .Reach tabo in the evening and at leisure.overnight at hotel.

 

Dhankar monastery

 

Day 10 – Tabo – Kaza (160 kms)

 

Early transfer to Kaza vai Dhankaar monastery n Pin valley.Though kaza is just 60 kms but we will take a few detours to reach there.First we shall visiit the one of the worlds top ten monastries the Dhanker gompa and other The famous pin valley- the starting and ending point of several treks in that region.overnight at kaza

 

pin valley


Day 11 –Kaza Local sightseeing Kii Kibber ,Komic Langcha.Kee monastery  is again one of the best monastries of the region and the komic village is the worlds highest motorable village.A drive to all of the shall definitely be remembered by you during your tour.Overnight at hotel.

Ki monastery 

 

Day-12– Kaza – chandrataal  (90 kms)

 

A drive after early breakfast to chandrataal will be the best drive of your life.The lake located in the upper hills of spiti makes you feel closest to the nature.A sleep in the tents with nature is the best gift a man can get in his entire life.

chandrtal lake

 

Day  13– Kaza – Manali (205 kms/ 07-08 hours)
We leave at dawn for Manali for yet another day of memorable driving via Rohtang Pass. We will drive along and over rivers, cross glaciers, and bump along undulating tracks. It may be dusk when we reach Manali – where we celebrate the journey over Enjoy a dinner and evening at leisure. O/N HOTEL

.
Day 14 – Manali – Chandigarh  (320 kms/ 08hrs)
Time to head back to Manali – Chandigarh – Mumbai – or wherever one wants to head to. We part ways with a promise to meet again.

 

 

Merry Christmas & Happy New Year…!!!

Respected Travel partners 
Greetings from Apple Pie Group of Hotels Kinnaur!!!
         Warm Wishes for the NEW YEAR 2016
We send our heartliest thanks for the continuous support and faith that you have showed in our services for both our hotels ( Apple Pie ) Kalpa and Rakcham in 2015.
We have closed both our  properties for the winter season this year and shall reopen them in march next year 2016.We would again seek your support for the next year also.
 
 
 
 
Mukesh K.Sharma
 
Hotel Apple Pie
08860688496,08894579727,08894225558

Hotel in Sangla/Rakcham

Hotel in Sangla/Rakcham

Hotel in Sangla/Rakcham

Hotel in Sangla/Rakcham

The village Rakcham is located 8 kms ahead of sangla on the road that leads till the last village of india- chitkul.this area is a trekkers paradise with several treks leading to uttarakhand.Hotel apple pie is located in the village Rakcham that is midway chitkul from sangla valley. it has five double and four family suites. The views from the hotel apple pie are breathtaking. a walk on the road that leads to chitkul can be a walk that a person can never forget in his life.overall hotel apple pie serves as the best in catering to the needs of almost every traveller who has any thoughts of enjoying the nature and sitting idle to admire it.
Please note: Hotel Apple Pie in Rakcham, Sangla (Sangla Valley) has the newly constructed luxury rooms to suite all budgets. It has been catering to the needs of business, leisure, family and individual travelers.

 

A divine place of nature “Sangla Valley, Rakcham”

Hotel in rakcham valley by Applepie group Kinnaur – A divine place in Himachal pradesh associated with the “kinner Kailash” incarnation of Lord Shiva.Situated in Kinnaur,is the most beautiful valley of the world- Sangla Valley.The belt remains unexplored till date.the tourists can have the best experiences of their lives while crossing the sangla valley & reaching the last village of that road- Chitkul. the way passes through on of the best scencries of nature and through the village Rakchham which is world famouse for the quality apples.Kinnaur apples are the best quality apples that are found in abundance in Sagla valley , Rakchham and Chitkul.

By the point of view of a tourist, Sangla Valley, village Rakchham and village Chitkul occupy a dominant place in the lives of a adventure seekers. Hotel apple pie is located on the main Chitkul Road, 10 km ahead of Sangla valley,in the pictersque village of Rakchham

Hotel Apple Pie- Rakcham

A place for a quite and memorable stay – built for the Customer who is king

Hotel Apple Pie : Our Hospitality

Hotel Apple Pie has the newly constructed luxury rooms to suite all budgets. It has been catering to the needs of business, leisure, family and individual travelers.

If you are looking for an economical but clean and comfortable hotel accommodation while on a personal or a pleasure trip or wanting to put up your officers/staff on official work in Sangla/Rakcham, then Hotel Apple Pie is the place for you. We also offer long duration accommodation to corporate companies at very special rates. Besides offering spacious and luxurious accommodation at reasonable room tariff in the most prestigious and prime location of Sangla area, we provide, to the best of our efforts, a very personalized service.

Our simplicity and friendly attitude gives you all the more reasons to stay with us. You will never at any time feel staying in an over bearing, clinical strange environment. It is a family friendly, children friendly & pet friendly place. We have a reputation of providing a safe environment to families and female travelers.

Guests are most welcome to talk to us and discuss about various places in and around Sangla. Any kind of suggestions or help they need from us regarding Shopping, Health check ups, etc, we are always there.

Policies

Photo identification and credit card or cash deposit are required at check-in for incidental charges.
Special requests are subject to availability upon check-in and may incur additional charges. Special requests cannot be guaranteed.

  • Check-in time is 1200 hrs
  • Check-out time is 1200 hrs

 

 

Hotel Apple pie Rakchham 1

 

Hotel Apple Pie Rakcham Sangla Valley

Packages / Tariffs

Our Tariffs are the most competitive and affordable tariffs with all the facilities of the most luxurious accomodations.

Room Type No. CP MAP AP Extra Bed
Deluxe DBI 6 2300 INR 2900 INR 3400 INR
Deluxe Family 2 3800 INR 5000 INR 6000 INR 400 INR

 

All Room Tarriffs for Twin Share basis.
These rates are only valid till March 2015.

group pix 1

Hotel in Kalpa

Hotel in Kalpa

A divine place of nature “Kalpa”

Hotel in kalpa by Applepie group Situated at the height of 2758 m above the sea level and 110 km from Sarahan, Kalpa is a beautiful and main village of Kinnaur. Across the river faces the majestic mountains of the Kinner Kailash range. These are spectacular sights early in the morning as the rising sun touches the snowy peaks with crimson and golden light. ACCESS : Nearest Airport (267 km) and Railhead (244 km) is at Shimla. The route is on NH – 22 (The Hindustan Tibet Road) which bifurcates to Kalpa from Powari. Buses and Taxis are available at Shimla and Rampur. One can also reach Kalpa via Manali – Rohtang Pass – Kunzam Pass – Kaza (400 km). CLIMATE : In winter, the temperature can drop to below freezing point when heavy woolens are required and for summers light woolens are recommended. Hotel Apple pie Kalpa

Best Hotel in Kalpa — Hotel Apple Pie

A place for a quite and memorable stay – built for the Customer who is king

Hotel Apple Pie : Our Hospitality

As compare to the other hotels in Kalpa, Hotel Apple Pie is the only one who has the newly constructed luxury rooms to suite all budgets. It has been catering to the needs of business, leisure, family and individual travelers. If you are looking for an economical hotel in kalpa but clean and comfortable accommodation while on a personal or a pleasure trip or wanting to put up your officers/staff on official work in Kalpa hotel, then Hotel Apple Pie is the place for you. We also offer long duration accommodation to corporate companies at very special rates. Besides offering spacious and luxurious accommodation at reasonable room tariff in the most prestigious and prime location of Kalpa area, we provide, to the best of our efforts, a very personalized service. Our simplicity and friendly attitude gives you all the more reasons to stay with us. You will never at any time feel staying in an over bearing, clinical strange environment. It is a family friendly, children friendly & pet friendly place. We have a reputation of providing a safe environment to families and female travelers. Guests are most welcome to talk to us and discuss about various places in and around Kalpa. Any kind of suggestions or help they need from us regarding Shopping, Health check ups, etc, we are always there.

Policies

Photo identification and credit card or cash deposit are required at check-in for incidental charges. Special requests are subject to availability upon check-in and may incur additional charges. Special requests cannot be guaranteed.

  • Check-in time is 1200 hrs
  • Check-out time is 1200 hrs
Hotel in Kalpa

Hotel in Kalpa

 

Hotel Apple Pie Kalpa Room Packages / Tariffs

Our Tariffs are the most competitive and affordable tariffs with all the facilities of the most luxurious accomodations.

Room CP MAP AP Extra Bed
S. Deluxe DBI 6 2300 INR 2900 INR 3400 INR 400 INR
Deluxe 3 1900 INR 2500 INR 3000 INR 400 INR
Cottage Std. 1 3000 INR 4500 INR 6000 INR 400 INR

All Room Tarriffs for Twin Share basis. 10.3% luxury tax applicable.

Shrikhand Mahadev , Himachal Pradesh – India

 

Shrikhand Mahadev , Himachal Pradesh – India

Shrikhand Mahadev

Shrikhand Mahadev

Shrikhand Mahadev is considered to be the abode of Lord Shiva. It is actually a pilgrimage place for Hindus. It is a place of great attraction for the religious people as well as for climbers. It is situated at 18500 feet above the sea level. Shrikhand is the situated at top of the mountain. Apparently as many as 5000 pilgrims visit this peak during the yatra, and yatra is normally done in July, so that would be a good time to give it a miss if one is looking for solitude of any kind.

 

Shrikhand Mahadev view is very beautiful to see. Shrikhand is always surround by Fog. The weather is always cold & climate is very awesome. It is usually undertaken to coincide with the Ashada Poornima or, full moon day of June to July as per the Vikrami calendar

History behind Shrikhand : According to the folklore there used to be a demon named Bhasmasur. He worshipped lord Shiva for many years. By seeing his dedication lord Shiva was so happy that he asked Bhasmasur to ask for anything. Bhasmasur asked for the power of burning any creature just by placing his hand on the head of the creature. Lord Shiva blessed him with the asked power. Bhasmasur became so proud of his power that he tried to burn lord Shiva. Then lord Shiva had to hide in a cave near Nirmand at Deo Dhank.

Lord Vishnu came to save Lord Shiva from the demon. Vishnu incarnated himself as Mohini a beautiful lady. She (Vishnu) asked the demon Bhasmasur to dance with her. Bhasmasur was so much mesmerised with the beauty of Mohini that he could not resist himself from dancing with Mohini. Mohini cleverly got Bhasmasur to place his hand on his  head and Bhasmasur turned into ashes. Just after Bhasmasur burned all the God’s reached Deo Dhank to look  up lord Shiva. They found Lord Shiva detained under the web in the cave. It was very difficult to release lord Shiva from there. So Lord Shiva used a secret route and emerged as Shakti Roop at Shrikhand Mountain from cave at Dev Dhank.

When lord Shiva was getting out from Shrikhand Mountain, there were a great blast and only the present Shrikhand Shivling remains.  On the way to Shrikhand top you can find out big boulders that look like as the part of any big mountain. At Shrikhand there is main peak (Shivlinga) dedicated to lord Shiva. Just opposite to it another big stones are known as Godess Parvati and Lord Ganesh. Just behind the Shrikhand peak there is a peak known as Kartikeya Parvat.

Location -

Shrikhand Mahadev is in Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh.  It is 72 feet rock made Shivlingam.

There are three ways to reach Shrikhand Mahadev

From Shimla

Shimla-Narkanda-Rampur Bushahr-Arsu-Bagipul-Jao Village - Most of the devotee take this route and this is the easiest and most common route. I believe 90% of the devotees goes via this route only so I recommend that please go via this route only because in this route we get most of the facilities.

From Kullu

From Kullu side—Last village connected by road is Bathad in Banjar block of district. Kullu and from Bathad a steep track leads to BASHLEU PASS and then it leads to a very beautiful village SARAHAN (but this is Kullu Sarahan another one is in Shimla district)

From Rampur Bushahr- Jeory

From Rampur Bushahr to Jeory  - This is considered as the toughest route for this yatra and only the  local people of upper Himachal areas (Shimla, Sarahan, Kullu and Kinnour) can go in this track.  For other guys it would be very tough so please don’t take this track if you are expert in climbing on hills.

ROUTE-

Bus route :  Delhi  – Chandigarh – Shimla.

From Shimla - Take any bus to Rampur Bushahr.  From Rampur take a bus or taxi to Nirmand  or you can get a bus to Jao Village directly.  Your ultimate goal is to reach Jao Village and then from Jao village you  have to go with your feet.

From Jao village to Singhad, the distance is 2-3 KM and from here the yatra starts. The registration of the yatra is done here and you get free lunghar (Food and snacks) here.  Anyone can do a night stay here free of cost. For the devotees who are coming from long distances please stay at night over here because here you can have bath and meals and a good rest for yatra and then start your yatra in the morning around 4AM or 5 AM.

Day 1

Singhad – Thachru – Free lunger (meals) available here and a doctor is also available at this point and for accomodation  you have to pay the rent of tent. (Normally it is Rs 100-120 per night) .

Day 2

Thachru – Bhim dwar or Parvati Bagh – If you reach Bhim dwar or Parvati Bagh after 1 PM then you can go to Shirkhand Mahadev in the next morning.

Day 3

From Bhim dwar or Parvati Bagh to Shrikhand Mahadev  and back to Bhim dwar or Thachru

In the morning you have to start your journey i. e early morning 4AM – 5AM and you can reach Shrikhand Mahadev around 10 AM and then you have to come back from there and you can stay either Bhim dwar or Thachru.

Day 4

Bhim dwar/Thachru – Singhad or Rampur – You can stay in night at Singhad and then you can leave for your home.

Kalpa/Sangla/Rakcham – Himachal Pradesh

Kalpa/Sangla/Rakcham – Himachal Pradesh

 

Kalpa

Kalpa - Himachal Pradesh

Kalpa – Himachal Pradesh

 
Kalpa is a little known town situated in the lap of the mighty 19965 feet Kinner Kailash peak, around 240kms from Shimla. Situated at an altitude of 9711 feet, Kalpa is surrounded by snowy peak for almost the whole year. One gets a clear view of the sacred Kinner Kailash peak as well as its sister peaks. You can get a chance to bike to this place, band in the middle of winters!
Kalpa used be to a favourite haunt of Lord Dalhousie, who used to visit this place by travelling next to the Sutluj River in those days.. But nowadays you can easily drive down, although the road is quite tough! From Delhi, Shimla is a comfortable 9hour drive (355kms via Ambala and then NH22). From Shimla, things get interesting. Carry on the NH22 to Narkanda (64kms, an easy 2hr drive), then Rampur (another 73kms, 2 hours). From here on, for a while roads are good but mostly, turn into a bad shape with work going on (the hydro electric power station). But the views make up for it. From Rampur, you pass thru Jeori (23kms), Wangtu (37kms) and finally Karcham (20kms). The road from Wangtu to Karcham is in a bad state and occasionally the road is blocked for a couple of hours due to landslide.
At Karcham, a right goes to Sangla valley, take a left towards Recong Peo/Kalpa (35kms). At Recong Peo, there are two options, a longer 13kms or a shorter steeper 7km route. You can take another shorter 7km route, riding between apple orchads, narrow roads, in complete isolation. And if you are here between Dec and Feb, you will be greeted with atleast 5-6 frozen waterfalls by the road between Peo and Kalpa. If you are driving youself, taking a nights stop at Narkanda, around 420kms, 11 hours from delhi. Stay at Himachal Tourism’s hotel , Hotel Hattu. 180 degree view of the 18000-20000 feet peaks from Kalpa will keep you occupied for days. If you are into trekking, discover places around Kalpa by asking the locals around. – hide more about Kalpa

 

Sangla

sangla

 

Sangla
This valley starts 57 km short of Kalpa which has been named after a beautiful & populous village Sangla. Sangla is situated on the right bank of Baspa river 17 kms. from Karcham. Journey from Karcham onwards is enjoyable and adventurous throughout the valley. The natural scenery all around and the eternal snow view are picturesque and charming. It is also known as Baspa Valley since Baspa river flows through this area. This is the most charming valley in the entire District of Kinnaur. A temple dedicated to Nages god is worth a visit & other places are Sapni, Rackchham, Kilba, Kamru Fort which can also be visited. There are post offices, banks, rest houses for the convenience of the visitors.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kinnaur Kailash Parikrama Trek – Kinnaur , Himachal Pradesh

Kinnaur Kailash Parikrama Trek – Kinnaur , Himachal Pradesh

 

Kinnaur is the most scenic but less known district of Himachal Pradesh, located on the Indo-Tibet border. It is surrounded by Tibet on the east, Garhwal Himalaya trek on the south, Spiti Valley on the north and Kullu on the west. The Sutlej River, which rises on the southern slopes of Kailash Parvat near Mansarovar in Tibet flows through the Kinnaur valley. Due to the proximity of Kinnaur to Tibet, the life style and religion of its inhabitants had been influenced by Buddhism, mostly in the northern and central regions, although the majority of the people practice Hinduism.

Set within the Greater trekkings in Himalayan belt it boasts of the highest mountains in Himachal Pradesh. Close to the border with Tibet, entry to Kinnaur was restricted even for Indian nationals till 1993 and foreigners still have to register themselves with Inner line permit. Kinnaur valley comprises of the lower valley of Spiti and Satluj gorge, the two rivers race through valleys of The Satluj and The Spiti. Sutlej river which has its origin (common to the Indus and Bhramaputra rivers) in Lake Mansarovar beside the holy Mt. Kailash in Tibet.

Kinnaur holds three of the world’s grand mountain ranges – the Zanskar, the Greater Himalaya and the Dhauladhar, Mount Kinner Kailash (6’050 m) dominates this region, it has religious significance for a huge “SHIVA LINGAM” the representation of Lord Shiva which is a 79 feet vertical rock formation that resembles a Shivalinga and changes color as the day passes. This is one of the mythical abodes of Lord Shiva.

The circuit around the whole range attracts many pilgrims every year. The Parikrama or circumambulation begins from Kalpa via Triung valley and back to Kalpa via Sangla valley. Drive up to Thangi and the actual trekking begins from here.

To reach this forbidden land, India’s northern tip, before July, we travel through the Hindustan – Tibet highway, the ancient silk route following the Satluj. The Spiti river joins the Sutlej from the west and runs parallel with the Great Himalayan Range, the natural boundary between India and Tibet (China). In July it is possible to enter Spiti from the north, crossing Rohtang Pass (3980m.) into Lahaul and Kumzum La (4550m).

Kinner kailash parikarma

Kinner kailash parikarma

 

 

ITINERARY

Day 01: Arrival Dehli

Reception at the air port and transfer to the hotel, Overnight stay is in the hotel.

Day 02: Dehli to Shimla (1900m).

Leave for Shimla early in the morning by train. After 12 hours we will reach Simla (The queen of the hills). Shimla is capital of the Himachal Pradesh and one of the most famous hill stations for the vacation, round the year. Stay overnight in the hotel.

Day 03: Visit Shimla

After breakfast climb to the Jhaku hill to visit the Hanuman temple (the monkey God, museum and advance study hall, back to hotel for lunch. Its a free afternoon to visit the mall. Stay overnight in the hotel.

Day 04: Simla to Sarahan (1920m) 190 km.

After breakfast, drive via Kufri, Narkandha and descend to the Rampur, erstwhile Himalayan kingdom of Rampur Busheher. Continue to Sarahan the summer capital of the Rampur Busheher. Pay a visit to a 1500 years old temple and get a magnificent view of the Shir Khand peaks. Stay overnight in camp.

Day 05: Sarahan to Recongpeo – Kalpa 2290 m Guest house/Camp.

Today we will move to Recongpeo the district headquarters of Kinnaur. A monastery is built on the top of the town; the majesty of the Kinner Kailash Mountain is in direct vision from Kalpa this is regarded as one of the mythical abodes of Lord Shiva.

Day 06: Recongpeo to Lamber (2896 m) 12 km Trek

We will drive to Thangi followed by a gradual trek along the stream till a beautiful campsite of Lamber. Overnight stay is in Lamber.

Day 07: Lamber to Charang (3500mtrs) 12 km Trek

This day we will trek from Lamber to Charang. The trek goes through different terrain via Surting shepherd house.

Day 08: Charang to Lalanti (4421 mtrs) 11 km Trek

This day we will trek from Charang to Lalanti. Lalanti is a beautiful place for camping with varieties of wild flower.

Day 09: Lalanti to Base of Charang (4550 m) 6km Trek

We will trek from Lalanti to Base of Charang. This trail goes through Moraine and boulder upwards till base camp, camp on glacier field on the moraines.

Day 10: Base to Chhitkul. over Charang pass (4950 mtrs) 9 kms. Trek

We do a two hour steep track over rocky terrain till the pass. There is a beautiful steep descent till Chhitkul, last village of Baspa valley before Indo-Tibet Border. Put up a camp near village.

Day 11: Chitkul to Sangla

Located in Baspa Valley, the most beautiful valley of Kinnaur dominated by Kamrufort, visit the fort and village followed by an overnight stay in a camp.

Day 12:

We will travel back from Sangla to Rampur. Stay overnight in a hotel.

Day 13:

On this day we will return back to Shimla. Put up in a hotel for the day.

Day 14:

Leave Shimla for New Delhi by train, 470 km. O/N in hotel

Day 15: Departure

Arrive in New Delhi, transfer to hotel, day at leisure, and evening transfer to International airport for onward flight.
 

 

The Great Himalayan National Park , Himachal Pradesh , India

 

The Great Himalayan National Park , Himachal Pradesh , India

 

OVERVIEW

The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP) is located in the Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh, India. Initially constituted in 1984, GHNP was formally declared a National Park in 1999, covering an area of 754.4 sq kms. In 1994, two major changes were made in land use around the Park. A buffer zone of 5 km from the Park’s western boundary, covering 265.6 sq km. and including 2,300 households in 160 villages, was delineated as an Ecozone. Most of the population (about 15,000 to 16,000 people) in the Ecozone are poor and dependent on natural resources for their livelihoods.

The second change was the creation of the Sainj Wildlife Sanctuary (90 sq km) around the three villages of Shagwar, Shakti, and Marore. On the southern edge of the GHNP, another Protected Area (PA) was declared, known as Tirthan Wildlife Sanctuary. This covers 65 sq km and is without habitation. More recently, in 2010, both the Sainj and Tirthan Wildlife Sanctuaries were added to GHNP, but will not be formally incorporated until a process known as settlement of rights has occurred. Thus the initiated merger of Sainj and Tirthan Wildlife Sanctuaries with GHNP will be followed by a process of settlement to relocate inhabitants and make the area free of traditional pressures, which may take some time. The total area under Park administration (National Park, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Ecozone) is 1171 sq km, which is together referred to as the Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area (GHNPCA).

In 2010, an area of 710 sq km of the Parvati river catchment contiguous to the northern boundary of GHNP was initially notified as the Khirganga National Park, adding significant biological diversity, conservation value, and physical protection to GHNP. The boundaries of GHNP are also contiguous with the Pin Valley National Park (675 sq km) in Trans-Himalaya, the Rupi Bhabha Wildlife Sanctuary (503 sq km) in Sutlej watershed and the Kanawar Wildlife Sanctuary (61 sq km), adding additional protection and conservation value and opening up extended wildlife corridors.

ABOUT THE PARK

CLIMATE

The climate is typically the Western Himalayan temperate and alpine type. There are four distinct seasons recognized for GHNP: spring (April-June), rainy/summer (July-September), autumn (October-November) and winter (December-March). Precipitation is moderate over most of the year and abundant during monsoon from mid-June to mid-September. During winter, the precipitation is in the form of snow even in lower elevation (1,560 m) and higher elevation areas experience heavy snowfall of over 2 m depth.

Mean annual rainfall recorded at Niharni and Sainj in Sainj valley for the years 1992-1994 was 1155.7 mm and 1158.3 mm respectively. The maximum annual rainfall recorded recently was 1298 mm, which is not significantly different from the previous records. The ambient temperature varied from -10 to 40 C, January and June being the coldest and hottest months of the year respectively.

ECO-TOURISM

The Great Himalayan National Park offers the causal hiker and serious trekker a wide range of experiences in the natural wonders of the Park. Trails range from relatively easy day walks in the Ecozone to challenging week or longer treks through arduous and spectacular terrain. GHNP ranks as one of the best national parks in the world and reveals its beauty, diversity, and depth through time spent in exploration.

At GHNP, there are numerous habitats for exploration: from lush forests of oak, conifer, and bamboo, to gentle alpine meadows; from swift flowing rivers to high elevation glaciers. The terrain and geology are diverse. If one is lucky there are opportunities to observe endangered species of the Western Himalayas in their natural habitat.

 

The Ecozone is an area adjacent to the Park, which contains villages that have historically had some economic dependence on the resources of the land incorporated into the Park. The formal designation of the Park boundaries and the resulting loss of these resources has economically impacted these villages. In recognition of this adverse economic impact, various programs have, and are being, developed by the state government of Himachal Pradesh, NGO’s (non-government organizations), and the villagers themselves to create alternative sources of economic well-being.

The Ecozone offers and Kullu region offers excellent opportunities for bird watching, wildlife viewing, religious pilgrimages, cultural tours, and viewing local crafts and craft creation. There are options of rafting, climbing, fishing, attending a village festival, viewing local architecture, and sacred groves. The Park itself has two facilities for tourists: a tourist center at Sai Ropa and an Information Center at Larjee.

 

BIODIVERSITY / ANIMAL

MAMMALS

Among the large mammals, there are several species of herbivores that are characteristic of the Park: the Himalayan Goral, a small goat-antelope found in the lower forests, the Himalayan Tahr a wild goat, and the Bharal, or Blue Sheep above the tree-line. These mammals are prey for Common Leopards (in the forest zone) and Snow Leopards (above tree-line). Himalayan Black Bears inhabit the forests, while Asiatic Brown Bears are found in the alpine meadows.

Blue Sheep
Males are handsome with slate blue fur and black chests; weight about 60kgs, unlike smaller females. Prefers grassy slopes near cliffs from 3500m upwards to the limits of vegetation. Live in herds of about 5 to 20.
Blue Sheep

Blue Sheep

Himalayan Brown Bear
Usually herbivorous feeding on grass and herbs. Some become carnivorous killing sheep, gloats or ponies. Males may grow to 1.7m in length; females are smaller.
Himalayan Brown Bear

Himalayan Brown Bear

Snow Leopard
One of the most beautiful of the large cats with handsomely marked coat. Inhabits the highest inner portions of the Park contiguous with the Pin Valley National Park. Regular sightings of snow leopard are reported. First confirmed sighting in GHNP in Tirath, the headwater of Tirthan river, in July 1997
Snow Leopard

Snow Leopard

Himalayan Tahr

Himalayan Tahr

Himalayan Tahr
A wild goat which lives in the steepest precipices. May go up to 5000m altitude. Males have a distinctive, dark, shaggy ruff and a long mantle of paler hairs: they weigh up to 100 kg; females about 60 kg. Live in groups as large as 20 to 30
Musk Deer

Musk Deer

Musk Deer
Member of deer family though different appearance. Does not have any antlers. Males have backward-curving tusk-like incisors in the upper jaw. Unlike other deer, they have a gall bladder and a uniquely developed scent gland in the abdominal region which produces valuable musk. In some parts of GHNP they reach a relatively high density of 6 to 9 Musk Deer per sq. km. Rated high on the endangered species list. Hunted nearly to extinction for its musk.
At the low to middle altitude in Tirthan, Sainj and Jiwa valleys (altitude of about 2000 to 3,000m) the following animals are found:
Serow
A goat-antelope which is heavily built and of about 1m height. One of the least studied mountain animals. Solitary life in moist gorges with thick vegetation; moves with amazing speed.
Serow

Serow

Rhesus Macaque
Common monkey of northern India. The Himalayan populations are larger, with longer fur than those in the plains. Large troops live near villages and forests. Mingles with humans, creating mischief. Has heavier winter coat in winters.
Rhesus Macaque

Rhesus Macaque

Barking Deer
Also known as Muntjac or Ribfaced Deer. Adult male 50 to 75 cms high to shoulders. Antlers small with short brow-tine. Females have bristly hair in place of horns. In GHNP seen in thickly wooded hills from 1,500 to 2,500m altitude.
Barking Deer

Barking Deer

Goral
A goat-antelope with yellowish gray or brown coat suffused with black. One of the best known Himalayan animals. Very well represented in GHNP. Lives in small groups. Best seen on grassy ridges at dawn and dusk. Throat has distinct white patch. Height at shoulder is 65 to 70 cms. Horns about 13 cms. Goral prefer elevations of 1000 to 3000m.
Ghoral

Ghoral

Certain mammals in GHNP prefer a wide altitude range, including:
Himalayan Black Bear

Himalayan Black Bear

Himalayan Black Bear
Associated with mixed broad leaf and conifer forests. Adult males weigh up to 180 kgs before hibernation; head-body length of 1.6m. A creamy white V pattern marks the chest. Well adapted for tree climbing. Can become carnivorous. Villagers close to GHNP dislike this animal as it destroys their maize crop and sometimes kills cattle.
Common Leopard

Common Leopard

Common Leopard
A sleek and agile cat with a tawny, reddish yellow coat marked with small close set black rosettes. Average length is about 215 cms. Lives in forests as well as in open country. Sighted up to 3,500m.

BIODIVERSITY / PLANTS

TREES

Trees largely predominate the temperate belt of GHNP. The conifer species are widely distributed at various altitudes (e.g., blue pine, cedar, spruce, and fir) in the successive low to high altitudinal zones. Each of the upper coniferous belt has its characteristic oak which provide acorns for birds and rodents. The white-oak is associated with Pinus roxburghii and blue pine; green-oak with fir and spruce. Brown-oak mainly forms the pure community at the treeline.

Deep Dark Brown Oak Forest in Sainj Valley, 3,400 m

Deep Dark Brown Oak Forest in Sainj Valley, 3,400 m

Fir Forest in Sainj Valley

Fir Forest in Sainj Valley

Khorli Poi Birch Forest Tirthan (3,300m)

Khorli Poi Birch Forest Tirthan (3,300m)

A number of lichens and fungi occur on the oak trees which in turn provide food material for mammals and birds. Himalayan yew is most abundant in the fir forest where they give an appearance of an old forest and provide a distinct cool microclimate. Rhododendron arboreum dominates between 1500-3000 m with a tendency of preference for the lower elevation on the north side. Four species of Maple occur with a wide range of altitude from 1500-3500 m. Aesculus, alder, poplar, birch, and willows are common near the streams.

Blue Pine Forest

Blue Pine forest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rivers and Lakes – Kinnaur , Himachal Pradesh , India

Rivers and Lakes – Kinnaur , Himachal pradesh , India

 


Satluj

The Satluj-This is the principal river of Kinnaur almost dividing the district into two parts. It runs within the Himalayan mountains for about 450 kilometers and the first part of its course is west-north-west. When it enters Kinnaur, it generally takes south-westerly direction. Within the District the length is about 130 km. Its source is supposed to be at a great elevation on the southern face of the Kailash range whence it flows into the sacred lake Rawan Hard. As far as the village of Khab it is almost a razing torrent. At Khab it receives the Spiti river where the bed of stream is still above 2,589 m high from the mean sea level. The Satluj descends from about 3,050 m (the point of its entrance in the district), to 1,220 m at Chaura flowing almost the whole way between narrow cliffs and therefore, there is no open ground worth describing all along its bank.The water of the river is more or less discoloured.Cultivated fields in terraces are generally at considerable height from its banks and thus immune from the turbidity of water which largest in June, July and August. The average discharge is about 2,000 cusecs during the winter and 100,000 cusec during June-July. The tributaries of the Satluj in this district are the Spiti, the Ropa, the Taiti, the Kashang, the Mulgoon, the Yula, the Wanger, the Shorang and the Rupi on the right bank and the Tirung, the Gyanthing, the Baspa, the Duling and the Solding running on the left bank.

Spiti

It is the second major river of the district which has its source far north on the eastern slopes of the mountain ranges which run between Lahul and Spiti. The river is formed at the base of the Kunzum Range by the confluence of Kunzum La Togpo and the streams Kabzima and Pinglung. It flows eastwards till Kaurik and then turns southwards to join the Satluj river at Khab at an altitude of 2589 meters. Spiti is joined by several feeders which meet the river both at right and left banks. Chaladogpo, the Yulang, the Lipak and the Tirasang are its main tributaries. The only mentionable tributary on the left bank is Chaladogpo existing between Chango and Changriang, whereas on the right side are the yulang, the Lipak and the Tirasang.

 

Baspa

The Baspa river, the another feeder of the Satluj, rises on the north eastern declivity of the outer Dhauladhar of the Himalaya. It is a big and valuable stream, running smoothly down a famous valley. It is bounded on the south-west by the Dhaola Dhar and on the north-east by the huge Raldang peak of the Great Himalaya. The channel of the river is wide. At Chhitkul its width is roughly twenty meters, lower down, the width is from twenty-three to twenty-five meters. After coursing in a north westerly direction it falls into the Satluj at Karchham.The Baspa is next to Spiti in size and is about seventy-two km in length. Its entire course lies within the district. As compared to other rivers the Baspa is fairly turbulent and frequently changes its course thereby doing extensive damage to the cultivated fields on its bank.It receives the various streams and streamlets on both of its banks. On the left side mentionable tributaries are Zupkia, Thatang, Bering and Rukti and on the right Suthi. This is the most inhabited valley and there are now permanent bridges at many places. An outlandship fish species known as brown trout (salmo fario) is found in this river.

Nako Lake

This beautiful lake is high altitude lake located in the Pooh sub-division of district Kinnaur. The lake is surrounded by willow and polar trees. There is a small village on the bank of this lake – and the village seems to be half buried by the lake’s borders. On the water’s northern side, are four Buddhist temples with stucco images and murals. Near Nako is a footprint-like impression ascribed to the saint Padmasambhava. It freezes in winter and people enjoy skating on this lake.

Culture and Belief – Kinnaur , Himachal pradesh , India

Culture and Belief – Kinnaur , Himachal pradesh , India

 


The People

The present day the Kinnauras do not constitute a homogenous group and display significant territorial and ethnic diversity. For a better understanding of ethnic and cultural distribution, the Kinnaur District may be classified into three territorial units.

Lower Kinnaur comprise area between Chora at the boundary of the Kinnaur District with Rampur Bushahr and Kalpa including Nichar and Sangla valleys. The people of Lower Kinnaur are primarily of the Mediterranean physical type. It is difficult to distinguish them from the people residing in the adjoining Shimla District with whom they have some affinity. The people of lower Kinnaur are mostly Hindus though the ethno-historical factors have resulted in some Buddhist influence.

The middle Kinnaur is the area between Kalpa and Kanam including Moorang tehsil.

The people of middle Kinnaur are of mixed racial strain. Some have marked Mongoloid and others marked Mediterranean features. In some cases there is an admixture of the above two in varying degrees. The inhabitants are Buddhist as well as Hindus. Many people have faith in both the religions. The upper Kinnaur comprises of remaining north-eastern part of the district i.e. the area between Pooh and Hangrang valley extending upto international border with Tibet.


The predominant physical type of upper Kinnaur in the Mongoloid though a few persons with Mediterrean features are also seen in the area around Pooh. Some persons show the blending of Mediterrean and Mongoloid elements in varying degrees. However the people of Hangrang valley are almost universally Mongoloids. They mostly follow Mahayana Buddhist religion.
The Kinnaur society is divided into two broad occupational groups- peasants and the artisans possibly of diverse ethnic origin. These groups are represented by Kanets (Rajputs) and Scheduled Castes.

The Kanets comprise the main cultivating community of the area and use honorific surname Negi. Among the Kanets there are three grades. In the first grade Kanets there are as many as fifty sub-castes, in the second grades there are seventeen sub-castes and in the third grade who work as potter have three sub-castes. Waza Kanets belong to the third grade and are considered inferior among Kanets.

The Scheduled castes include Chamangs and Domangs. Chamangs traditionally make and wove clothes. The Domangs are primarily blacksmiths. There is a third caste called ores. The main profession of Ores is carpentry. In social status the Ores are equal to Domangs. Among the Scheduled castes blacksmiths and carpenters i.e. Domangs and Ores considered themselves superior to Kolis or Chamangs.

Dress

The people of district dress mostly woolen clothes. There clothing is well suited to the climate and is artistic too in its own distinctive way.

Head dress: of men and women is a round woolen cap called thepang in the local dialect. It is generally of light grey or of white colour with a colour velvet band on the outer fold. Band of green colour is most liked. Crimson blue, yellow etc. may also be worn.
Men wear woolen shirts called chamn Kurti made of woolen cloth and tailored in the village. Another type of dress which the men wear is Chhuba. It is long woolen coat somewhat resembling an Achkan. A sleeveless woolen jacket worn outside the Chhuba. Men wear woolen churidhar pajama.

Women wrap up a woolen shawl like garment called dohru. The first wrap of dohru is on the back with embridered border displayed throughout its length up to the heels. Darker shades of colours are preferred for dohru. Besides beautiful coloured shawls are also worn by them over their shoulders. Choli a sort of full sleeves blouse is worn by the women. Some of them have decorative lining also. However, now a days wearing of cotton/synthetic salwar, kameez, pants and shirts have become popular among the young Kinnauras.


The traditional footwear worn by the Kinnauras were made of wool and goat hair with sole of goat hide. However, with the passage of the time the indigenous shoes have almost disappeared and wearing of readymade shoes is in vogue.

Houses and Equipment

The housing pattern of upper Kinnaur is different from that of lower Kinnaur.

In the lower Kinnaur the houses are two storeyed and built of stone and wood. These are either slated roofs or having flat roofs made of layers of bhojpatra (tree bark) covered with earth. The door are often folding and open inwards.

In upper Kinnaur the houses are usually built of stone. These are flat roofed and covered with earth. They are ill-built on account of the scarcity of wood. The houses are two storeyed and doors are small. The ground floor is used as cattle shed and upper storey for living purposes. The size and plinth area of the house depends upon the site available for construction. The houses are white washed in lower as well as upper Kinnaur. Besides these traditional houses, now RCC houses built in modern designs are also coming up.


Usually the households have some wooden chest for keeping grain and dried fruits. In addition most of the houses have separate wooden grain storage structures locally called ‘Kathar’. Khayarcha is a mat used for sitting purposes, which is made of goats hair. Pakpa which is skin of sheep or goat or some wild animal as often placed on khayarcha for sitting. Traditionally the people used to use utensils made of brass, bronze and aluminum. However, now a days with the increased outside contact they are fast adopting the china crockery and utensils made of stainless steel.

Food Habits

The staple food is wheat, ogla, phafra and barley which are local produce. Besides these kankani, cheena, maize, chollair and bathu are also taken. The principal pulses consumed are peas, black peas, mash and rajmash. The vegetables usually consumed are cabbage, turnips, peas, beans, pumpkin, potato, lady finger and tomato besides some locally available wild green vegetables leaves. They relish rice too which is imported from the plains. Taking a salted tea called cha in the morning and evening is very popular among the Kannauras which is usually taken along with sattu made of parched barley flour.

Cha

They are non-vegetarian and relish goat and ram’s meat. Taking of alcoholic drinks in their day to day life and also on the ceremonial or festive occasions is quite common among them. Alcohol is distilled at the household level. It is made out of fruits like grapes, apple, pear etc. grown locally and of barley. The Kannauras are very fond of music, dance and singing.

Lifestyle

Generally, Kinner houses have storerooms for keeping grain and dried fruits, and separate wooden grain-storage structures, called kathar. Pakpa, a piece of sheepskin or yakskin, is often placed on the khayarcha mat.

Traditionally Kinners use utensils made of brass and bronze. Modern influences have included the introduction of Chinese crockery, and utensils made of stainless steel and aluminium.

Clothes are mainly of wool. The thepang, a grey woollen cap, is worn with a white velvet band. The Tibetan chhuba, a long woollen coat

Cha

which resembles an achkan, is worn as well, with a sleeveless woollen jacket.While men wear woollen churidhar pajamas, and tailored woollen shirts such as the chamn kurti, the women wrap themselves up in a dohru. The first wrap of the dohru is based on the back, with embroidered borders displayed throughout its length, which stretches to the heels. Darker shades of colours are preferred for the Dohru, although other beautifully coloured shawls may be worn, usually draped over the shoulders. A choli, another type of full sleeved blouse worn by women, may serve as a decorative lining as well.

The Kinners are classified mainly into two castes: lower and upper caste. Again both of these categories are divided into sub classes. The caste system is more prevalent in the Lower and Middle Kinnaur regions.

Religion

As stated above, the people of lower Kinnaur are mostly Hindus, though some references of Buddhism is also evident. Their most important gods and goddess are Durga or Chandi, Bhairon, Usha or Ukha, Narayan, Vishnu, Badrinath and Bhimakali. The Chamang and Domang in addition have their favourite deities such as Nag Devta. Besides each village has its presiding deity. The inhabitants of middle Kinnaur are Buddhist as well as Hindu. In the northern area Buddhist influence is stronger. The important deity of middle Kinnaur are Chandi,Gauri Shankar, Kansa and Narayanjee. There are some monasteries besides the temples. The village god at Kanam worshipped by people of Buddhist faith is Dabla who has certain features associated with the earlier Bon religion. The image of Dabla is installed alongwith those of Buddha and Guru Rinpoche (Padma Sambhava) in one of the monasteries at Kanam.

The religion of upper Kinnaur is mostly Buddhism, having the institution of Lamaism. They mostly follow Mahayan Buddhism religion. Almost every village has a monastery with Lamas and jomos, who are recruited from amongst the Rajput (Kanet) only. A major part of the district is inhabited by people professing Lama religion. Though venerated by the inhabitants of Nichar and Sangla tehsils, Lama faith does not have a strong hold in these areas.

 


There are Buddhist temples in many of the villages of these areas yet the followers of this faith do not form a significant group. In Kalpa, Moorang and Pooh tehsils Lama are consulted and their services utilised in performance of many religious ceremonies. In Nichar and Sangla people do not necessarily consult Lamas on these occasions. In the absence of Brahman priests the people perform ceremonies themselves

Monasticism

Kanet boys, who learn the Tibetan scriptures and are well versed in Buddhist doctrines, are called Lamas. Similarly the Kanet girls, who do not marry, but devote their time to the study of Tibetan scriptures are called Zomos or Jomos. They live in nunneries. The two principal nunneries are at Kanam and Sunnam and in these a great numbers of Zomos live. Besides this, almost every village had few Zomos. The Lamas live in the monasteries and are looked upon as very holy.

 

 In fact they are the priests of all the Kanets.There are several monasteries of these Lamas in Kanam, Sunnam and other villages. Lamas are either Gyolong or Celibate like the Brahmchari or Dugpu, who marry but never shave. The head Lama is consulted with regard to important undertaking

Language

A number of dialects are spoken by the inhabitants of district Kinnaur which came under ‘Kinnauri’ or ‘Kanauri’. According to classification of languages made by the Linguistic Survey of India, ‘Kanauri’ comes under Tibet-Chinese Family of Languages. It has further been classified as language belonging to Western Sub-Group of Pronominalized Himalayan Group belonging to Tibeto-Himalayan Branch under Tibeto-Burnab Sub-Family (Census of India 1961, Vol. 1 India, Part II-C(ii). Languages Tables.P.CL.XVI). In Shimla Hill States Gazetteer, 1910, there is mention of three dialects spoken in Kinnaur. These are Hindi, Kinnauri and English Also there are as many as nine different dialects used by various sections in district Kinnaur.

The villagers on the Tibetan Border speak Tibetan dialects of western Tibet. The extent of spoken Tibetan is limited to the village of Nesang, Kunu and Charang adjoining Tibet. Jangram dialect is spoken in Jangi, Lippa and Asrang villages of Moorang tehsil. The Shumceho dialect is spoken in the villages of Kanam, Labrang, Spilo, Shyaso and Rushkalang of Pooh tehsil. A Kinnauri-Jangram mixture is the language used in Rakchham and Chhitkul villages of Sangla tehsil. The Scheduled castes speak a language which is closer to that of certain parts of the adjoining districts of Kinnaur. Besides these dialects the educated people of Kinnaur can speak Hindi also. Both men and women, specially in Sangla and Kalpa valley can speak English in addition to their mother tongue and Hindi.